The page uses Browser Access Keys to help with keyboard navigation. Click to learn moreSkip to Navigation

Different browsers use different keystrokes to activate accesskey shortcuts. Please reference the following list to use access keys on your system.

Alt and the accesskey, for Internet Explorer on Windows
Shift and Alt and the accesskey, for Firefox on Windows
Shift and Esc and the accesskey, for Windows or Mac
Ctrl and the accesskey, for the following browsers on a Mac: Internet Explorer 5.2, Safari 1.2, Firefox, Mozilla, Netscape 6+.

We use the following access keys on our gateway

n Skip to Navigation
k Accesskeys description
h Help
Washington and Lee University    
 
    
 
  Dec 12, 2017
 
2015-2016 University Catalog archived

Changes Approved since January, 2014 - Official Notification


(last updated December 22, 2015)

New or revised courses
Deleted courses
Revisions to degree, major, and minor requirements
Policy changes
Miscellaneous information

New or Revised Courses 

ARAB 111 - First-Year Arabic I 
ARAB 112 - First-Year Arabic II   
ARAB 151 - Arabic for Experienced Beginners 
ARAB 161 - Second-Year Arabic I  
ARAB 162 - Second-Year Arabic II  
ARAB 164 - Intensive Intermediate Arabic 
ARAB 403 - Directed Individual Study  
ARTH 195 - Special Topics in Art History 
ARTH 343 - Art and Material Culture of Tibet  
ARTH 394 - Seminar in Art History  - variable credit
ARTS 215 - Making Comics 
BIOL 150 - Genetic Engineering and Society   
BIOL 185 - Data Science: Visualizing and Exploring Big Data 
BUS 375 - Seminar in Marketing: Customer Contact  
BUS 391 - Corporate Social Responsibility Practicum  - make be repeated
CHEM 150 - Genetic Engineering and Society 
CHEM 399 - Advanced Topics in Chemistry and Biochemistry  
CLAS 223 - Ancient Greek Religion 
CSCI 253 - Genetic Programming   
DANC 201 - Artistic Identity in Contemporary European Dance   
DANC 202 - Dance Europe  
DANC 225 - Intermediate Contemporary Modern Dance Technique  - may be repeated for eight credits
DH 110 - Web Programming for Non-Programmers 
EALL 175 - Cool Japan: A Visual Journey through Anime, Manga, Robots, Language, and Culture  
ECON 186 - Land in Lakota Culture, Economics, and History 
ECON 229 - Urban Economics 
ECON 276 - Health Economics in Developing Countries   -previously ECON 382
ENGL 215 - Making Comics     
ENGL 305: Writing Outside the Lines  
ENGL 306: Advanced Creative Writing: Poetry   
ENGL 334: The Age of Unreason: Studies in 18th-Century Literature  - revised
ENGL 336: Ghost in the Machine  
ENGL 358: Literature of Gender and Sexuality Before 1900  - revised
ENGL 369: Late 20th-Century North American Fiction  - revised
ENGL 370: Contemporary North American Fiction  - new course, not the old ENGL 370
ENGL 375: Literary Theory  - renumbered from ENGL 370
ENGL 382 - Hotel Orient  - revised description, and variable credits
GEOL 275 - Introductory Geophysics  - credits changed from 3 to 4 (lab course)
GEOL 335 - Petroleum Geology and Geophysics  - credits changed from 3 to 4 (lab course)
GERM 305 - Traces of Empire: Exploring the Cultural Centers of Austria and Hungary  
HIST 219 - Seminar: The Age of the Witch Hunts 
HIST 230 - Discovering W&L's Origins Using Historical Archaeology   
HIST 243 - The Evolution of American Warfare  

HIST 256 - The History of Violence in America  - renumbered from HIST 361
HIST 266 - The American Century: U.S. History from 1945  
HIST 270 - Modern Islamic Political Thought  (POL 270)
HIST 271: Profit and Prophecy in Islamic History 
HIST 276 - History of South Africa  
HIST 277 - Speaking and Being Zulu in South Africa  
HIST 279 - Africa in the Western Imagination   
HIST 379: Queering Colonialism 
JOUR 195 - Intercultural Communication: South Africa  
LATN 350 - Latin Epigraphy  
LEGL 230 - Separation of Powers in the U.S. Constitution  
LEGL 231 - Introduction to Jury Advocacy  - previously INTR 231
LEGL 431 - Tutorial in Trial Preparation and Procedure   - previously INTR 431
LIT 273 - Modern Jewish Literature in Translation  
MATH 221 - Multivariable Calculus  - FDR SC added
MUS 261: Music Theory III  - renumbered from MUS 260
MUS 365: Post Tonal Music 
PHIL 235 - The Second Sex: Beauvoir on the Power of Gender  
PHIL 243 - Martin Luther King Jr.: Poverty, Justice, and Love 
PHIL 218 - Heidegger and Being in the World   
PHYS 125 - Supervised Study Abroad: Particle Physics at CERN  
POL 230 - Separation of Powers in the U.S. Constitution  
POL 270 - Modern Islamic Political Thought  (HIST 270)
POL 274 - Terrorism  
POV 243 - Martin Luther King Jr.: Poverty, Justice, and Love  
REL 175 - Beginning Biblical Hebrew I  
REL 176 - Beginning Biblical Hebrew II 
REL 218 - Heidegger and Being in the World  
REL 223 - Ancient Greek Religion 
REL 270 - Biblical Job and His Modern Masks 
REL 273 - Modern Jewish Literature in Translation   
SOAN 186 - Land in Lakota Culture, Economics, and History 
SOAN 211 - Laboratory Methods in Archaeology  
SOAN 230 - Discovering W&L's Origins Using Historical Archaeology   
SOAN 240 - Food, Culture, and Society   
SOAN 256 - The History of Violence in America  - renumbered from SOAN 361
SOAN 267: Simulating Society 
SOAN 396 - Senior Seminar in Anthropological Analysis  
SPAN 205 - Spanish for Healthcare Professionals 
SPAN 216 - Living on the Edge: Identities in Motion in Argentina and Uruguay    
SPAN 308: Power and Ideology: (Critical) Discourse Perspectives 
THTR 290 - Topics in Performing Arts  - revised to variable credit
THTR 341 - Acting 3: Styles  
WGS 180 - FS: First-year Seminar 
WGS 235 - The Second Sex: Beauvoir on the Power of Gender   

Deleted Courses 

from the 2015-16 catalog
ARTH 259: The Art and Architecture of England
ARTH 285: Art of the Cities of Northern Italy, 1250-1550
ARTH 353: Gothic Art in Northern Europe
ARTH 361: American Architecture
ARTH 362: Vernacular Architecture
ARTH 375: Tropical Baroque: The Arts of Colonial Latin America
CHEM 196: Nuclear Power: Energy & Environment
CSCI 395: Seminar
CSCI 396: Seminar
ECON 239: Economics: Crime & Punishment
ECON 301: Strategy & Equilibrium
ECON 316: Central Banking
ECON 317: The European Monetary Union
ECON 382: Health Economics in Developing Countries
ENGL 251: British Literature in an Age of Global Expansion
ENGL 254: Jane Austen: The Works and the Phenomenon
ENGL 256: Southern Women Writers
ENGL 318: Medieval and Renaissance Drama
ENGL 333: Early 18th-Century Literature
ENGN 265: Integrative Science Topic - removed cross-listing from BIOL 265
ENV 381: Global Environmental Governance
HIST 274: Histories of Everything
HIST 275: World Military History
HIST 376: Africa, Science and Development
LIT 204: Augustan Era - removed cross-listing from CLAS 204
LIT 262: German Literature Before 1900 in Translation
LIT 272: Modern Jewish Literatuere in Translation - changed to LIT 273
LIT 363: Russian Literature in Translation
MUS 100: Language of Music Revealed
MUS 117: Fundamentals of Conducting
MUS 395: Seminar for Music Majors: Approaches to Music
PHIL 322: Heidegger (changed to PHIL/REL 218)
PHYS 115: Physics for the Non-Scientist
PHYS 211: Experiments in Modern Physics
PHYS 240: Thermodynamics (but retaining ENGN 240: Thermodynamics)
POL 281: The Politics of Marriage and the Art of Democracy
POL 390: Seminar in Contemporary Political Science
REL 272: Modern Jewish Literature in Translation - changed to REL 273
REL 287: Central Asian Islam and Religions of the Silk Road
SPAN 202: Supervised Study Abroad: Spain
THTR 181: First-Year Seminar
THTR 225: Educational Theater
THTR 226: Practicum in Theater Methods
THTR 235: Design and Performance
THTR 296: Spring-Term Topics in Performing Arts

Revisions to degree, major, and minor requirements 

Africana-Studies (2015-2016 catalog)
revised the minor
"2. African-focused courses. Take one course from among the following: ... and when appropriate, AFCA 295, ..."
"3. African Diaspora-focused course. Take one course from among: ... and when appropriate, ...AFCA 295..."

for 2016-2017 catalog
revised the minor
"2. Africa-focused course. One course chosen from among HIST 273, 276, 277...
4. Three additional courses from categories 2 and 3 above and the following courses: ECON 233, ENGL 350, HIST 131, 279, 366; LACS 257; LIT 259: PHIL 242, 243 (POV 243), ..."

Art History (2015-2016 catalog)
revise the major in art history, as follows:
"2... ARTH 140, 141, 170, or 195..."

Biology

revised the biology major leading to BS degree for the 2015-2016 catalog:
      "6. Structure and Function: One course from BIOL 225, 250, ... 275, 280, 282 ..."
      biology major leading to BA degree:
      "5. Structure and Function: One course from BIOL 225*, 250, ... 275, 282, 283 ..."

      minor in physiology:
      "5. Intermediate level: one course chosen from BIOL 250, 255, 275, and, when appropriate 297"

revision to major in biology leading to a BS degree, effective with the 2016-2017 catalog
"7. Advanced -level courss provide students with a greater depth of biological thought. Students must take at least three of the following, at least one of which must be a laboratory course (indicated by *)
BIOL 301, 310*, 320*, 321*...
8. Quantitative Biology: One course from BIOL 267, 282, 283, 285, 301, 325, 385..."

revision to minor in quantitative biology, effective with the 2016-2017 catalog
"3. Computer science: one course chosen from BIOL 201, CCSI 102 or CSCI 121...
5. Advance level: one course chosen fro BIOL 301, 325 and 385"

Chemistry (2016-2017 catalog)
approved revising the majors in chemistry and biochemistry
"2. Two additional courses totaling at least five credits chosen from the following... CHEM 295, 297, 298, 399, ...

Classics (2015-2016 catalog)

Approved revising the minor in classics as follows, effective with the 2015-16 catalog.
"A minor in classics requires 21 credits from at least seven courses. In meeting the requirements of this minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor. Student contemplating the minor should consult with a member of the Classics Department. The courses must include:
1. either 12 credits (four courses) in Latin and/or Greek courses, or proficiency equivalent to LATN 202 or GR 202
2. at least 3 credits (one course) at the 300 level in Classics, Greek, or Latin
3. additional credits to reach the minimum 21 credits chosen from courses in Classics, Greek, Latin, PHIL 110, PHIL 222, and REL 102. Additional courses dealing with the ancient world and offered in departments other than Classics may be approved on an individual basis by the Classics Department Head."

Creative Writing (2015-2016 catalog)
revise the minor, effective with the 2015-16 catalog:

1.   Creative writing workshops: three courses chosen from ENGL ... 204, 205, 206, 207, 305, 306, 307, ..."

Dance
revise the minor in dance, effective with the 2015-16 catalog:

"4. One course chosen from DANC 202, 330, 340...."

revise the minor in dance, effective with the 2016-17 catalog:

"2. One course chosen from THTR 251, 253, 336, 338"

East Asian Languages and Literatures (2016-2017 catalog)
revise the minor
"2. Literature and Culture Core: Two courses chosen from
EALL 175, 215
LIT 218..."

Education (2016-17 catalog)
revise the minor in Education, effective with the 2016-17 catalog:

"2. Electives: Two courses totaling at least six credits chosen from among the following: EDUC 305, 340, 343, 345, 353, 356, 365, 369 (unless ECON 234 has been taken), 375, 377; THTR 225; and, when appropriate, EDUC 403
3. Fieldwork: At least two credits chosen from the following: EDUC 210, 303, 306, 341, 344, 346, 354, 357, 366, 376, 378; THTR 226; and, when appropriate, EDUC 401 or POV 102"

English (2015-2016 catalog)
A major in English leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires 11 three- or four-credit courses, exclusive of ENGL 201. The credits must include:

  1. One or two English courses numbered between 202 and 295
  2. ENGL 299 (should be completed by the end of the sophomore year)
  3. Literatures before 1700: at least two courses chosen from ENGL 311, 312, 313, 316, 319, 320, 326, 330, 386, and when the topic is appropriate, 380 and 403
  4. Literatures from 1700-1900: at least one course chosen from ENGL 334, 335, 336, 341, 345, 348, 358, 362, 367, and when the topic is appropriate, 380 and 403
  5. Literatures after 1900: at least one course chosen from ENGL 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 359, 360, 361, 363, 364, 365, 366, 368, 369, 370, 373, 375, 382, 384, 388, and when the topic is appropriate, 380 and 403
  6. "Counter traditions": at least one course from chosen from ENGL 350, 351, 359, 361, 366, 382, and when the topic is appropriate, 380 and 403
  7. Two or three additional courses numbered at the 300-level or above, with the optional inclusion of one course from designated departments and programs
  8. Completion of the capstone writing requirement with either ENGL 413 (3) or 493 (3-3)

The English faculty urges majors to craft their courses of study to include lyric poetry, narrative, nonfiction prose, and drama.

Students may petition the chair to include one cognate course at any level in the English major. If a student has not taken ENGL 202, THTR 220 may be used as a cognate course. Courses that may be appropriate for such credit, such as some literature courses in languages other than English, must focus on reading literature closely and recognizing subtle and complex differences in language use; and require at least 15 formal graded pages of writing about literature or a substantial portfolio of creative writing."

revise the major in English, effective with the 2016-17 catalog
"...3. Literatures before 1700: at least two courses chosen from ENGL 311, ...386, 392
4. Literatures between 1700-1900: at least one course chosen from ENGL 334, ...367, 393
5. Literatures since 1900: at least one course chosen from ENGL ...382, 384, 388, 394
6. "Counter traditions": at least one course chosen from ENGL 350, 351, 359, 361, 366, 382, 395...

Environmental Studies
revise the minor, as follows for the 2015-16 catalog:
"...3. Natural and Physical Sciences : one course from each of the following two areas.
a. BIOL101; BIOL 111 and 113; GEOL100; GEOL 101; GEOL 105..."

revise the major, as follows for the 2015-16 catalog:
"...2. Fundamentals: BIOL111 and 113 and either GEOL 100, 101, or 105..."

revise the major for the 2016-17 catalog:
5. Interdisciplinary Approaches: One course chosen from BIOL 230, ECON 186, ENV 250, 381, 390, 395, SOAN 186...and when appropriate, BIOL 195.
7. Electives: Two courses in addition to those used for the above requirements and chosen from the following, one of which must be at the 300 level, or from other courses approved in advance by the head of the major:
BIOL 217, 230, 245, 246, 325
ECON 186 (SOAN 186), 356
ENGL 294
ENV 207, 212, 295, 381,390, 395,493
GEOL 141, 150, 240...

revise the minor for the 2016-17 catalog
2. Social Sciences: one course from each of the following two areas.
a. ECON 101, 186 (SOAN 186); POL 100

Film and Visual Culture

Approved revising the requirements for a minor in film and visual culture, as follows, effective with the 2015-16 catalog.

"3. Four additional courses from the following, with at least one in each of the three categories.

a. Film Courses: ... JOUR 212, 338; ...
c. Production Courses: ...JOUR 266..."

Approved revising the requirements for a minor in film and visual culture, as follows, effective with the 2016-17 catalog.

"3. Four additional courses from the following, with at least one in each of the three categories.

a. Film Courses: ... ITAL 295; ...

Geology (2015-2016 catalog)
revision to the major in geology leading to a BS degree, inserting the following text:
"Beginning with the Class of 2016, the major requires no thesis (except for students seeking honors) and only 53 credits."

Geology (2016-2017 catalog)
revising the major in geology leading to a BS degree
"5. At least 24 credits in geology at the 200 or 300 level and ...
6. Thesis: at least four credits from either GEOL 472 (2-2) or GEOL 493 (3-3)
6. Additional credits chosen from Engineering, Geology, Mathematics, Biology..."

German (2015-16 catalog)

Approved eliminating the majors in German language and German literature, combining them into one major in German, as follows, effective with the 2015-16 catalog.

A major in German leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires at least 34 credits as follows:
1. GERM 262 (or equivalent)
2. GERM 311, 312
3. GERM 347 or 349
4. One course each from three of the following four areas (9 credits total):
    a. Medieval: GERM 318
    b. 19th century: GERM 313, 315
    c. 20th and 21st centuries: GERM 314, 316
    d. Performing German: GERM 332
5. At least three credits from GERM 303, 304, or a substitute approved by the department head
6. The remaining credits must be taken from a list of approved courses, available from the department, with no more than six credits in any one discipline. These courses may be taken in English or German and in departmental literature and culture offerings.
7. Students must pass an oral and written proficiency examination conducted by the department before or during their last long term prior to graduation. An optional one-credit course, GERM 401, Composition Practice, is offered each winter term to help students prepare for the written examination.

Approved revising the minor in German, effective with the 2015-16 catalog.
"A minor in German requires at least seven courses beyond GERM 261, as follows. A student may not complete both a minor in German and a major in German. In meeting the requirements of this discipline-based minor, a student may not use more than nine (9) credits used to meet the requirements of another major or minor. German minors are encouraged, though not required, to have a term of study in a German-speaking country.
1. GERM 262 (or equivalent), 311, and 312
2. Four additional German-language or German-related courses including:
    a. at least two 300- or 400-level courses taught in German
    b. The remaining two courses can be in German, OR one may be a German literature in translation course (LIT 295) and one may be a German-related course taken from the approved cognate list."

Approved revising the major in German effective with the 2016-2017 catalog
"5. At least three credits from GERM 303, 304, 305 or substitute approved by the department head."

Geology (2016-2017 catalog)
Approved revising the requirements for the major in geology leading to a Bachelor of Science degree as follows, effective with the 2016-17 catalog.
major in geology A major in geology leading to a Bachelor of Science degree is recommended for students pursuing graduate school or employment in geology and consists of at least 53 credits as follows:
...5. At least 24 credits in geology at the 200 or 300 level and...
6. Thesis: at least four credits from either GEOL 472 (2-2) or GEOL 493 (3-3)
6. Additional credits chosen from Engineering; Geology; Mathematics; BIOL...

Also approved inserting the following text in the 2013-14, 2014-15, and 2015-16 catalogs:
"Beginning with the Class of 2016, the major requires no thesis (except for students seeking honors) and only 53 credits."

Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Approved changes to the  minor, effective with the 2016-2017 catalog:
"3. Related: 6 credits from the following or any course not used above in 2. ... SPAN 192, 201, 216, 270..."

Medieval and Renaissance Studies 

A major in Medieval and Renaissance Studies is revised as follows for the 2015-16 catalog:
3...b.Literature: ENGL ... 316, 318, 319, ...
3...c. History of Ideas: REL 283, 287; ..., and, when appropriate, ... REL 180, 260, 295, 350, 403; ...

A major in Medieval and Renaissance Studies is revised as follows for the 2016-17 catalog:
3..a. History and History of Science: CLAS 224; HIST 100,...219, ..."
3...b.Literature: FREN 281, ...
3...d. Fine Arts: ... and when appropriate, ...MUS 374, 423; ROML 295; THTR 341."
 

Museum Studies (2015-2016 catalog)
revised the minor in museum studies as follows:

A minor in museum studies requires completion of six three- or four-credit courses. In meeting the requirements of this discipline-based minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of another major or minor.
1.   One course chosen from ARTH 101, 102, 140, 141, 170 and, when appropriate ARTH 195
2.   One course chosen from 200-level Art History courses
3.   Two courses chosen from among the following: ARTH 125, 288, 356, 453, and CHEM 156...
4.   One additional course chosen from 300-level Art History courses.
5.   ARTH 398

Music (2015-2016 catalog)

revised the major as follows, effective with the 2015-16 catalog:

"A major in music leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires at least 39 credits as follows:
1.   MUS 120, 121, 161, 162, 201, 202, 260, 261, 365, 473 or 493 (thesis), and completion of one of the following sequences:

   a.    History: three courses chosen from MUS 220, 221, 231, 232, 295, and 296; or FILM 285
   b.    Theory-Composition: MUS 361, 362, and 423
   c.    Performance: three credits chosen from applied music courses at the 300-level or above;   and six credits chosen from MUS 220, 221, 231, 232, 295, 296, 361, 362, and 423
   d.    General: three courses chosen from MUS 205, 210, 220, 221, 222, 231, 232, 295, 325, 326, 361, 362, and FILM 285

2.   At least four credits of applied study in a primary applied area (in addition to any applied piano courses that may be required in order to complete the piano proficiency requirement)
3.   Enrollment..."
4. Demonstrated piano proficiency by the end of the sophomore year.

revised the Music minor as follows, effective with the 2015-16 catalog
"2. Two additional 3- or 4-credit courses selected from music courses at the 200 level or above or FILM 285."

Philosophy (2016-2017 catalog)
revision to Philosophy major leading to a BA degree
"1.b. Two courses from each of the following three groups:
Ethics and value theory: PHIL 100, 140, 145, 150, 240, 241 (POV 241), 242, 243 (POV 243),...
History of philosophy or major figures: PHIL 100,... 218 (REL 218), 221..."

d. Continental philosophy: One of the following, which may also satisfy b. or c. above: PHIL 215, 218 (REL 218), 230..."

revision to Philosophy minor, effective with the 2016-17 catalog
"History of philosophy or major figures: PHIL 100, ...218 (REL 218), 221..."

Physics (2016-2017 catalog)

Approved revising the requirements for a major in physics, effective with the 2016-17 catalog, as follows.

"A major in physics leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 50 credits including the following:
1. PHYS 111, 112, 113, 114, 207 (ENGN 207), 210, 215, 220, 225 (ENGN 225), 230, 340, 345; MATH 332, 333
2. One additional PHYS course at the 200- or 300-level
3. Seven additional credits chosen from the following, with no more than three credits at the 400-level:
• BIOL 280, 282, 283, 385
• CHEM 110, CHEM numbered 200 and above
• CSCI 121, 211, 250
• ENGN numbered 200 and above
• GEOL 211, 275, 311
• MATH 303, 309, 310, 345, 353
• PHYS numbered 200 and above

Additional courses required as prerequisites for completion of the above include MATH 101, 102, and 221."

Politics (2015-2016 catalog)
revisions to politics major leading to a BA degree
"2...c. International/Global Politics: completion of four courses chosen from POL 214, 272 (SOAN 272), 274, 276, 279, 281 ...381, 384, 385,..."
d. Political Philosophy: completion of four courses chosen from POL 265, 266, 270 (HIST 270), 281, ...

Poverty and Human Capability Studies
revisions for the 2015-16 catalog:
3. At least 10 credits (9 credits for those completing POV 103) chosen from among the following:
 ... HIST 271, 354; ... POV 102, 214, 295 (LAW 221), 241 (PHIL 241), 296; PSYC 235; SOAN 202, 228, 266, 288, 290...'

revisions for the 2016-2017 catalog:
minor in poverty and human capability studies
3. At least 10 credits (9 credits for those completing POV 103) chosen from among the following:
...ECON 229, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 280; ... POV 102, 241, 243 (PHIL 243), 295 (LAW 221), 296; ...PSYC 235; SOAN 186 (ECON 186), 202, 228, 266, 288, 290; ...

Psychology (2015-2106 catalog)
approved revising the psychology major leading to a BA degree:
3. At least one additional course selected from PSYC 150, 202, 210, 213, 214, 215, 230, 235, and 300; PE 306"

(2016-17 catalog)
revision to the psychology major leading to the BA degree:
"2. PSYC 120, 250, 299, 304, 403, and either PSYC 202 or 210"

revision to the psychology major leading to the BS degree:
2. PSYC 120, 250, 299, 304, 403, and 473

Religion (2015-2016 catalog)

"A major in religion leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 30 credits from 10 three- or four-credit courses including the following:

1.   Introduction: One course introducing theory and method in the study of religion chosen from REL 100 or 210. This course must normally be taken before the start of senior year.
2.   Religious Traditions: Two courses introducing trends in the thought, practice, and/or significance of a religious tradition. At least one course must be chosen from each of two of the following religious traditions
1.    Asian Religions: REL 131, 132
2.    Christianity: REL 102, 151, 152, 201, 250
3.    Islam: REL 105, 281, 283, 284
4.    Judaism: REL 101, 106, 271
5.    American Indian Religions: REL 110, 285 (SOAN 285)
3.   Cluster: A group of at least three courses proposed by students in consultation with their departmental adviser before the end of the junior year, cohering in such a way as to define and inform students' particular interest in a tradition, a topic or a method of studying religion. The cluster must include at least two courses from the Religion Department and may include one three- or four-credit course in other related disciplines or interdisciplinary programs (e.g., anthropology, art history, classics, English, history, philosophy, political science, sociology, women and gender studies). Examples of clusters might include the following:

Traditions of Scripture: REL 101, 102, 282, 335
Religion and Law: REL 335, 381, POL 236
Religion and Literature: REL 153, 272, ENGL 236
Religion in Classical Antiquity: REL 250, 283, 350, CLAS 201 (LIT 201)
Patterns in Medieval Religion: REL 151, 152, 215, HIST 305
Secularization and Religion: REL 152, 203, POL 396 (when appropriate), SOAN 290 (when appropriate)

Students are encouraged to search the catalog and each term's list of topical offerings for courses related to their study of religion...

4.   Additional credits in religion or other related disciplines to add up to 10 courses. A limit of one two non-Religion course will count toward the major including those in #3 above.
5.   A minimum of 15 credits must be at the 200 level or above, excluding REL 210, 399, and 493.
6.   Senior capstone: REL 399 or 493 (3-3)
7.   Students seeking to graduate with honors are required to graduate with a minimum of 11 three- or four-credit courses."

Romance languages major, emphasis in Spanish (2015-16 catalog):

"4. Completion of one the following sequences:
a. the intermediate level or its equivalent in French (FREN 162, 164, 172), FREN 261, and one course chosen from FREN 273, 280, 281, 282, 283 or 285
b. PORT 163 and two 200-level Portuguese courses
c. ITAL 163 and two 200-level Italian courses"

Russian Areas Studies major (2015-2016 catalog)
revised the major as follows:
6....
 LIT 215, 263, 363

Sociology and Anthropology
revised the major leading to the BA degree as follows for the 2015-16 catalog:
"3. Completition of one of the two following areas of emphasis:
Sociology (at least 9 credits)
...b. One additional course in anthropology chosen from the following: SOAN 238 (HIST 238), 240, 243..."
Anthropology (at least 9 credits)
a. Two additional courses in anthropology chosen from the following: SOAN ...238 (HIST 238), 240, 243..."

revised the major leading to the BA degree as follows for the 2016-17 catalog:
2. SOAN 395 or 396
Category 3: Completion of one of the two following areas of emphasis:
Sociology (at least 9 credits)
...b. One additional course in anthropology chosen from the following: SOAN 181, 186, 205, 207, 211, 223, 224 (REL 224), 230 (HIST 230)...
Anthropology (at least 9 credits)
a. Two additional courses in anthropology chosen from the following: SOAN 181, 186, 205, 207, 211, 223, 224 (REL 224), 230 (HIST 230),..."

Studio Art minor (2015-2016 catalog)

A minor in studio art requires completion of seven three- or four-credit courses. A student may not complete both a major and a minor in studio art. In meeting the requirements of this discipline-based minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of another major or minor.

1.   Completion of one of the following two areas of emphasis:
    a.         Studio: ARTS 111 and three courses in studio art chosen from one of the following two categories:
         i.    ARTS 213, 214, 217, 218, 291, 317, 318
         ii.    ARTS 226, 227, 228, 327, 328, 329
     b.         Design: ARTS 131 and three courses in studio art chosen from one of the following two categories:
         i.    ARTS 120, 220, 221, 223, 224, 292, 320, 321
         ii.    ARTS 231, 232, 331, 332
2.   One art history course at the 200 or 300 level, chosen from among the following: ARTH 261, 263, 266, 267, 273, 274, 276, 363, 364, 367
3.   Two additional courses in studio art.

Theater
revised the major as follows for the 2015-16 catalog:

2.At least 12 credits chosen from among the following including at least six credits chosen from theater courses:
 THTR ..., 226, 235, 236, ...

revised the major as follows for the 2016-17 catalog:

"2.At least 12 credits chosen from among the following including at least six credits chosen from theater courss: THTR 100,202,203,...341, 297, 423,453, 493.
3.THTR 100, 202, 203, 304, 215, 216, 220, 225, 226, 235..."

Women's and Gender Studies

Approved revising the minor in women's and gender studies as follows, effective with the 2015-16 catalog.

"2...a. Social and Natural Sciences: ...; and when appropriate, ECON 295, ...."
"2...b. Humanities and other disciplines: ... HIST 378, 379...,... REL 132, 215, 284, ... and, when appropriate, ENGL 250, 293, 299, 380; FREN 331, 397; LATN 326; LIT 220, 295; REL 295; SPAN 295, 397, 398; and WGS 180

Approved revising the minor in women's and gender studies as follows, effective with the 2016-17 catalog.
"2...b. Humanities and other disciplines: ENGL 261, 312, 313, 320, 358, 359; HIST 206, 219, 228, ... and, when appropriate, ENGL 250, 293, 299, 380; FREN 331, 397; LATN 326; LIT 180, 220, 295; REL 295; SPAN 295, 397, 398; and WGS 180

Policy Changes

Degree Credit for Off-Campus Study
Only work comparable to that at Washington and Lee in level, nature, and field may be accepted for degree credit. Up to two courses (6-8 credits) taken online after matriculaton may be used for degree requirements only with the permission of the department or program head in the appropriate discipline or, if the discipline is not represented at Washington and Lee, from the appropriate Associate Dean of The College.

Graduation Requirement - Major Subject GPA
Approved revising the following policy from the section of the catalog on Degree Requirements, to eliminate the requirement for a 2.000 in the major subject. (The definitions of major and major subject appear elsewhere in the catalog.)

      "To graduate, a student must achieve a cumulative grade-point average of at least 2.000 in all of the following four three categories: in all work attempted at Washington and Lee; in all Washington and Lee work used to meet degree requirements; and in all work used to meet major requirements.; and in all course work taken in the major subject (definition below).

      The "major" is defined as a group of no fewer than 30 credits, and typically no more than 50 credits, required and/or optional credits designated by a department or an individual and subject to the approval of the Committee on Courses and Degrees. The "major subject" is the group of courses within the specific discipline(s) named by the major and submitted to satisfy degree requirements for the major (e.g., economics courses satisfying requirements of the economics major). In the case of interdisciplinary majors, the "major subject" includes each discipline contributing at least 12 credits toward major requirements."

Overloads
    "Permission to carry 15 to 17 credits of academic work must be secured in advance from the appropriate academic dean through the WebAdvisor process. Greater than 17 credits requires approval of the Faculty Executive Committee. Permission is not ordinarily granted unless the student has both a minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.000 and, during the last fall or winter term, a minimum grade-point average of 3.000."

Reinstatement Policy

Approved revising the reinstatement policy, creating a new third paragraph on reinstatement for spring term, as follows:

"The University will not reinstate an undergraduate student for a spring term unless that student has both 1) satisfactorily completed at least one fall or winter term at Washington and Lee University, and 2) was registered for a full-time course load through midterm during at least one of the two preceding 12-week terms at Washington and Lee. This means that first-year and new transfer students who withdraw during the Winter Term are not eligible to apply for reinstatement for Spring Term unless they have completed the Fall Term in the same academic year."

Tuition-free course benefit for benefits-eligible employees and their spouses or partners.

Continuing Education Students (for the Admissions section of the catalog)
Regular full-time or part-time, benefit-eligible employees, their spouses, or their domestic partners are eligible to take up to two Washington and Lee courses per term without any tuition charge, under certain conditions. Additional fees such as lab or applied music fees are not included. Employees are not eligible for spring term courses under this program; spouses/domestic partners are eligible for spring term courses. See the Human Resources website for more information and an application form.

Residency Requirement
With the exceptions of some transfer students and all continuing education students, and in fulfilling all other requirements, degree candidates must study full-time with W&L faculty, typically on campus, for a minimum of six terms. Students who transfer to W&L with 50 credits or more may use one fall, winter, or spring term of approved study abroad in fulfillment of this requirement. Other transfers must study on campus for at least six terms. Continuing education students may fulfill this requirement as part-time students. Spring-term courses taught in other locations by W&L faculty count toward this requirement.

Degree Credit for Off-Campus Study
...First-year students may receive a maximum of 28 credits from any and all non-W&L sources (e.g., AP, IB, college courses while in high school). Of the 28, no more than nine credits can be counted toward the requirements for a particular major with departmental approval; individual departments may set a limit of less than nine credits counted toward the major.

Students admitted as transfer students (after the first year) may transfer up to 56 credits from all sources. Continuing education students, at the point of their admission as degree-seeking students, also have this privilege.

Automatic Rule (Academic Suspension)
At the end of any academic term, the Committee on the Automatic Rule and Reinstatement suspends students who are on probation if they fail to meet either the term grade-point average or cumulative grade-point average standards described above. Suspension from the university severs all connections and privileges associated with being a student at Washington and Lee.

The following also fall under the Automatic Rule:

•    First-year students whose first-term grade-point average falls below 1.000; or
•    Those students who have been reinstated on probation and who have failed to meet the grade-point standard required by the Committee on the Automatic Rule and Reinstatement; or
•    Those students withdrawing from the university during any term for reasons other than medical and having a cumulative grade-point average below 2.000; or
•    At the end of the winter term, those students unable to remove their probationary status by attempting no more than four credits during the spring term; or
•    Continuing education students with a failing grade in two concurrent or consecutive courses.

Pass/Fail Grade
After attaining sophomore standing a student is permitted to take each term one elective course (not a course used for the student's major or minor, or a course used to meet an FDR requirement, or a four-credit spring term course) in which the grade of Pass or Fail is given, to which no grade points are assigned. However, only 18 credits of such work may be offered toward satisfying graduation requirements. A student receiving an F will receive no credit toward the degree, but the F will be used in computing the term and cumulative grade-point averages. ...

Continuing education students, prior to their admission as degree-seeking, are not eligible to exercise the above Pass/Fail option.

Course Load
Each student who has not completed graduation requirements must register as a full-time student for each term enrolled. A student taking an unauthorized underload may be required to withdraw from the University for the term in which the underload is being taken, forfeiting all academic credit, tuition and fees for that term. The student may apply for reinstatement for the next term.

For continuing education students, part-time course loads are permitted.

Fall and Winter Terms...Continuing education students are not eligible to take more than two courses at a time.

Spring Term...Continuing education students who are employees may not register for spring-term courses.

Repeating a Course
- approved revising the following part of the policy governing Repeating a Course.
      "If a student repeats a course in summer school at another institution in order to receive transfer credit, the previous Washington and Lee grade will not change and will remain in the student's Washington and Lee grade-point average."

Summer School policy
revised as follows:

B. A maximum of four courses, not to exceed 14 credits, of summer school work may be offered toward all major, minor, or degree requirements. This total of four courses may be comprised of any combination of the following:

    Free electives, up to four courses (14 credits).
    Two courses to satisfy Foundation and Distribution Requirements (general education) or to be used as cognates may be taken for the first time. No course may be taken for the first time in the major subject or, in the Williams School, the major group.
    No more than two courses may be repeated.

Leave of Absence policy changes
Undergraduate Students:
Undergraduate students who are not on academic or social conduct probation who wish to leave the University temporarily for academic, medical, religious or military-service reasons, may request a Leave of Absence for a specified period of time. Leaves are normally approved for up to one academic year. The application (go.wlu.edu/ugr-leave-form) must be submitted to the designated Associate Dean of The College, who is the chair of the Committee on the Automatic Rule and Reinstatement.

Leaves planned in advance must be requested at least three weeks before the beginning of the term during which the student wants to be absent from W&L. Requests for unexpected (e.g., health-related), health-related leaves must be made immediately and are not considered retroactively.

Medical leaves must be supported by Student Health and Counseling and will only be granted for one of the following: fall term, winter term, spring term, or winter and spring terms. Students must submit medical documentation in support of the leave with their application and/or in support of readiness to return, as feasible under the circumstances. Students must also submit with their application consent for the Director of the Student Health Center to communicate with the health-care provider in order to make an informed, individualized, objective recommendation to the applicable University administrators on the appropriateness of the leave of absence, readiness to return, and follow up treatment needs.

Academic leaves of absence are normally granted only for the purpose of academic enrichment. Students taking courses elsewhere while on leave of absence must request departmental approval in advance for any course to be used for degree credit, particularly major or FDR requirements.

Other types of leaves will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

Students who do not return for the specified term will be withdrawn retroactive to their leave date and may face financial consequences. For the purpose of federally subsidized financial aid only, students on Spring Option will be reported as being on Leave of Absence.

Return is contingent upon approval of a Return from Leave of Absence application and good conduct in the interim. Return is also contingent on an acceptable academic record during an academic leave and/or on readiness to resume full-time academic and campus life after a medical leave, with or without reasonable accommodation, as determined by the University. The University reserves the right to request appropriate documentation, determined on a case-by-case basis, to confirm that the student is qualified and/or ready for return. Students found to be not ready or academically qualified to return in the judgment of the University, after an individualized assessment based on best available current information, will be considered to have voluntarily withdrawn. A student's return to Washington and Lee following any leave of absence is contingent upon good conduct in the interim. Return is also contingent either on an acceptable academic record during an academic leave or on medical readiness to resume full-time academic and campus life after a medical leave, with or without reasonable accommodation, as determined by the University. The University reserves the right to request appropriate documentation, determined on a case-by-case basis, to confirm that the student is qualified and/or ready for return. Students found to be not academically qualified or medically ready to return in the judgment of the University, after an individualized assessment based on best available current information, will be considered to have voluntarily withdrawn. Such students may apply for reinstatement (see go.wlu.edu/ugr-reinstate).

Students who do not return for the specified term will be withdrawn retroactive to their leave date and may face financial consequences. Leaves of longer than 180 days may also have financial consequences.

Student conduct issues arising during a leave of absence may result in referral for discipline prior to or upon return to the University, which could lead to suspension or required withdrawal from the University.

Law Students:
Law students wishing to request a leave of absence should contact the Assistant Dean for Student Affairs at the School of Law.

Note: The University applies this policy and associated procedures in a nondiscriminatory manner, in consultation with qualified professionals, as appropriate, and will make each reinstatement or readmission determination based on an individualized assessment of that student's situation and what is in the best interests of the student, the campus community, and the University.

Eligibility for Off-Campus Study Abroad:

Approved revising the following policy on study abroad while on academic or conduct probation.

"Eligibility for Off-Campus Study Abroad:
1) In order to apply for study abroad for W&L credit, students must have a cumulative GPA of at least 2.500 and at least a 2.500 GPA in the most recently completed fall or winter term. 2) Students are not eligible to study abroad while on academic or conduct probation. Students must consult with their academic adviser(s) to ensure that their proposed course of study will enable them to make normal progress toward completion of major and degree requirements in a timely fashion. Students placed on academic probation that will be in effect during their planned term abroad may submit a request for an exception to this rule to the Committee on Courses and Degrees by contacting the designated Associate Dean of The College. Students placed on conduct probation that will be in effect during their planned term abroad may submit a request for an exception to this rule to the International Education Committee by contacting the designated Associate Dean of The College. Students accepted into study abroad programs who are then placed on academic or conduct probation will be liable for the full costs of the program even if they withdraw from the program.

Students must consult with their academic adviser(s) to ensure that their proposed course of study will enable them to make normal progress toward completion of major and degree requirements in a timely fashion. To study abroad, students must consult with the Director of International Education or Study Abroad Adviser, attend on-campus orientations, and, upon their return, complete an evaluation of their study abroad experience for the Center for International Education. Students will be expected to disclose relevant information regarding physical or mental health-related medical and/or counseling related conditions and or current treatment needs treatments so that appropriate consultations can occur with deans, Student Health and Counseling Services, etc., to determine whether ensure that all critical needs can be met during the student's time away from campus. Seniors engaged in approved study abroad will have the first term of the three-term senior residency requirement waived."

Registration Change Deadline
- a new registration deadline for 1-credit 'audition' courses (THTR 109, 309; DANC 110, 111; MUS 116; and LEGL 231, 431) that allows for a student to submit a late drop/add form, with instructor and adviser signatures, up to midterm, with no late fee or petition to Faculty EC.

Requirements for the Degree/Major Declarations
Approved the following language to be added to the "Baccalaureate Degree" section of the catalog and, as appropriate to declarations, in sections of the catalog labelled Requirements for the Degree and Academic Regulations.

"Liberal Education
The freedom to explore unfamiliar and dissimilar fields of study is a hallmark of a liberal arts education. Washington and Lee University offers nearly 700 distinct undergraduate courses each year. Students should broaden their experience by exploring these courses, whether or not they contribute directly to a major or minor. For a liberally educated person, no opportunity to learn should be considered a waste.

Students should plan on using elective, foundation, and distribution coursework to explore the curriculum. Courses outside majors and minors contribute significantly to the formation of the liberally educated person. Students earn a degree from Washington and Lee that is made up of study in elective credits, FDR requirements, and a major.

Students may choose up to three declarations, from the following array of options:
• one major
• one major, one minor
• one major, two minors
• two majors
• two majors, one minor

Rarely, exceptions to these options may be granted by the faculty."

Additional Bachelor's Degree (2015-16 catalog)
Eliminated the option for more than one undergraduate degree beginning with the Class of 2019.
 

Miscellaneous Information

Matriculation and Term Check in
"... A student is subject to a fee of at least $100 for failure to comply with the stated matriculation or check-in schedule."


Changes to the 2015-16 undergraduate academic calendar.
 
•    Change the date of the 2016 Phi Beta Kappa/Society of the Cincinnati convocation to Sunday, March 13, 2016. In the future, Phi Beta Kappa will select their own convocation date which will neither require faculty approval nor appear on the academic calendar.
•    Set the Spring Option declaration deadline as the end of the ninth week of the Winter Term. For the 2015-16 calendar, that will be Friday, March 18, 2016.
•    Require late Spring Option declarations in the future to be submitted to the Faculty Executive Committee, detailing plans for Spring Term and the reasons why the declaration could not be made by the due date, and if approved, a $100 late fee to submit the late Spring Option declaration form.