2023-2024 University Catalog 
    
    Apr 13, 2024  
2023-2024 University Catalog archived

Official Notification of Approved Catalog Changes


(last updated March 21, 2024)

New or revised courses
Deleted courses
Revisions to degree, major, and minor requirements
Policy changes
Miscellaneous information

New or Revised Courses:
AFCA 265 - Constructing Black Lives in Film and Literature  (ENGL 265)
ARTH 130 - African American Art 
ARTH 131 - Art of the African Diaspora (2024-25 catalog)
ARTH 216 - Nature Through Many Lenses: A Cross-Cultural Exploration of the More-than-Human World  (ARTS 216)
ARTH 230 - Harlem Renaissance Art 
ARTS 216 - Nature Through Many Lenses: A Cross-Cultural Exploration of the More-than-Human World  (ARTH 216)
ARTS 242 - Photography in the Environment  
BUS 361 - Foundations of Business Communication  - renumbered to BUS 220 and revised for 2024-25 catalog
BUS 362 - Understanding Emerging Economies  
BUS 369 - Green IS in Iceland: Sustainable Information Systems    
BUS 374 - Rogue Marketing 
BUS 387 - Alchemy of Innovation: From Concept to Incubator Gold   
CBSC 185 - Introduction to Data Science: Trends Over Time 
CBSC 212 - Health Psychology 
CBSC 213 - Development of Human Sexuality  - revised from 4 credit spring course to 3 credit fall course (2024-25 catalog)
CBSC 240 - Data Science: Mind Analytics  - renumbered to 309 (2024-25 catalog)
CBSC 252 - Sensation Measurement and Perception  - renumbered to 312 (2024-25 catalog)
CBSC 253 - Neural Mechanisms of Motivated Behaviors  - renumbered to 313 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 254 - Attention  - renumbered to 314 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 255 - Cognitive Neuroscience  - renumbered to 315 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 256 - Neuropharmacology  - renumbered to 316 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 257 - Sleep and Circadian Rhythms in Health and Disease  - renumbered to 317 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 259 - Cognition and Emotion  - renumbered to 319 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 261 - Socioemotional Development  - renumbered to 321 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 262 - Gender-Role Development  - renumbered to 322 (2024-25 catalog)  
CBSC 263 - Language, Culture, and Emotion  - renumbered to 323 (2024-25 catalog)
CBSC 265 - Developmental Psychopathology  - renumbered to 325 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 269 - Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination  - renumbered to 329 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 298 - Topical Seminar in Cognitive and Behavioral Science  - renumbered to 349 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 299 - Applications of Cognitive and Behavioral Science  - renumbered to 301 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 300 - The Pursuit of Happiness  - renumbered to 225 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 363 - Advanced Methods in Language, Culture and Emotion 
CBSC 398 - Advanced Research Methods in Cognitive and Behavioral Science  - renumbered to 399 (2024-25 catalog) 
CBSC 421 - Directed Individual Research  - revised description
CBSC 422 - Directed Individual Research  - revised description
CBSC 423 - Directed Individual Research  - revised description
CHEM 116 - Imaging Science in Art, Medicien, and Astronomy with Laboratory (2024-25 catalog)
CHEM 441 - Laboratory Mentoring in Chemistry and Biochemistry  - revised title and description
CLAS 345 - Introduction to Roman Law  (LJS 345)
DS 421 - Directed Individual Research  
DS 422 - Directed Individual Research  
DS 423 - Directed Individual Research 
ECON 223 - Introduction to Computational Economics  
ECON 273 - Economy of Latin America 
EEG 103 - Earth’s Freshwater: Introduction to Hydrologic System Science (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 107 - Dynamic Earth: Science of Natural Hazards (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 150 - Water Resources - revised description for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 161 - Mineral Resources and the Green Energy Transition (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 200 - Building a Planet (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 205 - History and Evolution of the Earth  - renumbered to EEG 336 for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 230 - Field Methods in the Appalachians  - renumbered to EEG 315 for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 231 - Environmental Field Methods  renumbered to EEG 314 for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 260 - GIS and Remote Sensing  - renumbered to EEG 316 for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 311 - Earth and Environmental Geochemistry  - renumbered to EEG 248 and revised for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 312 - Past Climates and Our Future (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 322 - Volcanology (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 330 - Sedimentation and Stratigraphy  - renumbered to EEG 246 and revised for 2024-25 catalog
EEG 340 - Hydrologic Modeling (2024-25 catalog)
EEG 390 - Geoscience Senior Seminar Workshop: Crafting Portfolios (2024-25 catalog)
ENGL 241 - Cinema Arthuriana  (FILM 241)
ENGL 265 - Constructing Black Lives in Film and Literature  (AFCA 265)
ENGL 402 - Directed Individual Study  
FILM 241 - Cinema Arthuriana  (ENGL 241)  
ENGL 244 - Health, Care, and Compassion on Stage and Screen  
ENGL 315 - Arthurian Bodies, Desires, and Affects  
ENGL 353 - Poetry, Skepticism and the Sacred  - revised title
ENGL 363 - Modern Poetry’s Media  - revised title
ENGL 364 - Poetry and Authenticity  - revised title
ENGL 402 - Directed Individual Study  
ENV 282 - Commodification of Nature (SOAN 282) (2024-25 catalog)
FILM 273 - Creating Field Documentary on Human Rights in Ghana (SOAN 273) (2024-25 catalog)
FREN 385 - Spring Term Topics in French Civilization  
HIST 222 - Decline and Fall of the Soviet Union and the Resurgence of Russia  - change from a spring term course to a 12-week winter term course
HIST 236 - The Indigenous South  
HIST 239 - Collective Memory: Society, Culture, Identity and Power  (SOAN 239)
HIST 241 - Empire of Liberty? Revolutionary America 1763-1830  
HIST 272 - Radicals, Witches, and Revolutions: Britain in the Seventeenth Century 
INTR 202 - Applied Statistics  - revised to POL 202 (2024-25 catalog)
JOUR 153 - Photojournalism  
JOUR 245 - Landmark First Amendment Cases and Their Implications for Speech in the 21st Century  
JOUR 299 - Journalism and Mass Communications Abroad   
JOUR 303 - Covering Great Trials in History: The Impact of the Press and Public on Justice  - change from 4 credits to 3 credits and change from a spring term course to a 12-week winter term course
JOUR 356 - Investigative Reporting  - revised title, change from 4 credits to 3 credits, and change from a spring term course to a 12-week winter term course
LACS 259 - Gender and Sexuality in Latin American and Caribbean Literature and Film  (WGSS 259)
LACS 265 - Rise Up! Indigenous Poetry and Resistance in the Hemispheric Americas  (SPaN 265)
LJS 295AA - Topics in Law and Legal Studies: Voting Rights
LJS 345 - Introduction to Roman Law  (CLAS 345)
MATH 160 - Preparation for Statistics in Korean Music  (MUS 160)
MUS 160 - Preparation for Statistics in Korean Music  (MATH 160)
MUS 170 - Introduction to Sound Technology  
NEUR 180 - First Year Seminar: A Beginner’s Guide to the Brain  
PHIL 261 - The Meaning of Life  
PHYS 125 - Supervised Study Abroad: Big Science in Twenty-First Century Europe  - revised title and description
PHYS 190 - Foundations of Quantum Computing and Quantum Information 
PHYS 291 - Observational Astrophysics 
POL 386 - Poli-Wood: Indian Epics, Myth, and Cinema as Political Philosophy   
REL 260 - Seminar in the Christian Tradition  - revised description
REL 333 - Meditation and Self-Knowledge  - revised from spring term course to fall term course (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 217 - Economic Socioloy (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 227 - What is Power?  
SOAN 236 - Environmental Anthropology (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 237 - Anthropology of the Global  
SOAN 239 - Collective Memory: Society, Culture, Identity and Power  (HIST 239)
SOAN 244 - Personal Networks and Social Capital (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 247 - Food, Culture, and Politics in Israel  
SOAN 271 - Introduction to Criminology 
SOAN 259 - Global Urban Sociology   
SOAN 265 - Exploring Social Networks - new course description for 2024-25 catalog
SOAN 273 - Creating Field Documentary on Human Rights in Ghana (FILM 273) (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 282 - Commodification of Nature (ENV 282) (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 365 - Modeling Social Networks (2024-25 catalog)
SOAN 395 - Senior Seminar in Quantitative Analysis  - revised title and description
SOAN 396 - Senior Seminar in Qualitative Analysis  - revised title and description
SPAN 312 - Ornament of the World: Muslims, Jews, and Christians in Early Iberia  - revised title, description, and change from 4 credits to 3 credits
SPAN 217 - Somos Mas: Poetry, Ecology and Sovereignty in Puerto Rico 
SPAN 265 - Rise Up! Indigenous Poetry and Resistance in the Hemispheric Americas  (LACS 265)
THTR 342 - Creating Meaning 
WGSS 259 - Gender and Sexuality in Latin American and Caribbean Literature and Film  (LACS 259)
WGSS 295 - Humanities Topics in Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies  - HU designation; change offerings to fall, winter, and spring 
WRIT 140 - Writing and Research   

New Community Based Learning (CBL) designations: 
BUS 276 - Design Thinking
BUS 390C - Supervised Study Abroad: Sustainable Development and Social Entrepreneurship: Cuba in the 21st Century 
ECON 288 - Supervised Study Abroad 
EDUC 201 - Practicum: Foundation of Education 
EDUC 235 - Educating for Global Citizenship: Policies and Practices in the US and Italy 
EDUC 239 - Exploring Childhood in Scandinavia: Comparing Policies and Practices to the U.S. 
EDUC 303 - Practicum: The Exceptional Learner 
EDUC 306 - Practicum: Teaching Elementary Reading  
EDUC 337 - Practicum: Secondary Music 
EDUC 341 - Practicum: Elementary Language Arts and Social Studies Methods 
EDUC 344 - Practicum: Elementary Math and Science Methods 
EDUC 354 - Practicum: Secondary Content Area Reading and Writing 
EDUC 357 - Practicum: Methods for Middle and Secondary Education 
EDUC 366 - Practicum: Methods for World Language 
EDUC 451A - Directed Teaching Seminar: Pre-K to 12 
EDUC 451E - Directed Teaching Seminar: Elementary  
EDUC 451S - Directed Teaching Seminar: Middle and Secondary  
EDUC 464A - Directed Teaching: Pre-K to 12 
EDUC 464E - Directed Teaching: Elementary 
EDUC 464S - Directed Teaching: Middle and Secondary  
EEG 101 - Dynamic Earth: Introductory Geology  (Winter term 2024 offering only)
SPAN 398E - Spanish-American Seminar: Andean and Amazonian Indigenous Knowledge Today

New Global Learning (GL) designations:
BUS 362 - Understanding Emerging Economies 
BUS 369 - Green IS in Iceland: Sustainable Information Systems   
LACS 265 - Rise Up! Indigenous Poetry and Resistance in the Hemispheric Americas  
PHYS 125 - Supervised Study Abroad: Big Science in Twenty-First Century Europe  
SPAN 265 - Rise Up! Indigenous Poetry and Resistance in the Hemispheric Americas  

New Experiential Learning (EXP) designations:
ARTS 242 - Photography in the Environment  

BUS 369 - Green IS in Iceland: Sustainable Information Systems  
BUS 374 - Rogue Marketing  
BUS 387 - Alchemy of Innovation: From Concept to Incubator Gold  
DS 421 - Directed Individual Research  
DS 422 - Directed Individual Research  
DS 423 - Directed Individual Research 
FILM 253 - Field Documentary on Human Rights in Ghana  - retroactive to spring 2023
PHIL 493 - Honors Thesis 
PHYS 125 - Supervised Study Abroad: Big Science in Twenty-First Century Europe   
SPAN 217 - Somos Mas: Poetry, Ecology and Sovereignty in Puerto Rico 
THTR 204 - Study Abroad in Swedish Theater  (2023 Spring Term offering only)
THTR 342 - Creating Meaning   

New Perspectives (PERS) designations:
LACS 265 - Rise Up! Indigenous Poetry and Resistance in the Hemispheric Americas  
SPAN 265 - Rise Up! Indigenous Poetry and Resistance in the Hemispheric Americas  
THTR 204 - Study Abroad in Swedish Theater  (2023 Spring Term offering only)

Writing Intensive (WI):

Deleted Courses
BUS 135
BUS 199
BUS 302
BUS 307
BUS 391
BUS 393
BUS 397
CBSC 235
CBSC 280
CBSC 413
CBSC 473
ENV 120
ENV 220
ENV 230
ENV 330
HIST 174 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 200 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 205 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 207 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 210 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 213 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 214 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 215 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 223 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 224 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 228 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 233 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 247 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 257 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 258 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 276 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 277 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 280 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 307 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 319 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 364 (2024-25 Catalog)
HIST 367 (2024-25 Catalog)
INTR 119
PHIL 235 (WGSS 235)
WGSS 235 (PHIL 235)

Revisions to degree, major, and minor requirements

​Africana Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“2. Africa -focused courses: One course chosen from among HIST 175, 176, 275, 276…”
“3. African Diaspora-focused course: One course chosen from among AFCA 285; ARTH 130, 131, 230; ENG 366…”

Art History (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the major
“1. Introduction: At least nine credits in ARTH chosen from 101, 102, 130, 140, 141, or 170…”
3. a. at least 12 credits chosen from ARTH 125, 141, 146, 180, 195…”

approved change to the minor
“1. Two courses chosen from 101, 102, 130, 140, 141, or 170…
2. Three ARTH courses chosen from ARTH 125, 141, 146, 180, 195…”

Art History (2024-25 catalog)
approved change to the major
“1. Introduction: At least nine credits in ARTH chosen from 101, 102, 130 or 131, 140 or 141, and 170…”
3. a. at least 12 credits chosen from ARTH 125, 131 (if not used to satisfy the introductory requirement),141, 146, 180, 195…”

approved change to the minor
“1. Two courses chosen from 101, 102, 130 or 131, 140 or 141, or 170…
2. Three ARTH courses chosen from ARTH 125, 141, 146, 180, 195…”

Business Administration (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“8. Non-Business Administration electives: nice credits chosen from the following… HIST 206, 232, 233, 258…POV 423
9.a. International Business: ARTH 223, 245…BUS 305, 332, 362, 369, 390, 391, 392 (GERM 392), 393…ECON 246, 270, 271, 273, 274, 276, 281…HIST 206, 232, 233…”

Cognitive and Behavioral Science (2023-24 catalog) 
approved changes to either the BA or BS
“2. Two topical seminars selected from CBSC 240, 252, 253…262, 263, 265, 269, and 298
3. One advanced methods course selected from CBSC 353, 354, 355, 357, 359, 362, 363, 365, 369 and 398”

Cognitive and Behavioral Science (2024-25 catalog)
approved changes to the BA major
“A major in cognitive and behavioral science leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 34 credits in cognitive and behavioral science as follows:
1. Foundations:
a. CBSC 110 or 111 b. Two courses chosen from CBSC 112, 113, and 114
2. Gateway: CBSC 250
3. Two topical seminars specialization courses selected from CBSC 240, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 259, 261, 262, 263, 265, 269, and 298
4. One advanced methods research capstone course selected from CBSC 353, 354, 355, 357, 359, 362, 363, 365, 369 and 398
5. At least nine twelve additional credits chosen from CBSC course numbered below 400 301 and below.”

approved changes to the BS major
“A major in cognitive and behavioral science leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 50 credits in cognitive and behavioral science and cognate fields distributed as follows:
1. Foundations:
a. CBSC 110 or 111
b. Two courses chosen from CBSC 112, 113, and 114
2. Gateway: CBSC 250
3. Two topical seminars specialization courses selected from CBSC 240, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 259, 261, 262, 263, 265, 269, and 298
4. One advanced methods research capstone course selected from CBSC 353, 354, 355, 357, 359, 362, 363, 365, 369 and 398
5. Three Six additional credits chosen from CBSC course numbered below 400 301 and below.
6. At least 22 additional credits chosen from among the following: courses in BIOL, CHEM, CSCI, MATH, NEUR, PHYS and the following CBSC courses: CBSC 118, 150, 216, 240, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, and 259. No more than 6 credits to be taken in CBSC.”

Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“2. Take one course chosen from ARTH 101, 102, 130, 140, or 170 and, when appropriate, ARTH 195

Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies (2024-25 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“2. Take one course chosen from ARTH 101, 102, 130, 131, 140, or 170”

Data Science (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“A minor in data science requires completion of at least 19 credits, as follows. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student may not use more than nine credits (including capstone) that are also used to meet the requirements of other majors or minors….
“1. Data Science Foundations: At least three credits chosen from among the following: BIOL 185, 187; BUS 310, 314; CBSC 185, 240; MATH 100A; SOAN 244
4. Electives: At least six nine additional credits chosen from among the following: BIOL 282, 325, 385; BUS 306, 315,316, 317; CBSC 359CHEM 116, DS 285, 395, 399, 421, 422, 423…SOAN 219, 220, 222…365, 395
5. Portfolio: DS 401, completed during the fall or winter term of the senior year, including at least three projects orassignments from courses in the minor in addition to the capstone project in which students reflect on data-science competencies.
No more than three credits of 400-level work can be counted towards the minor. Additional prerequisites may be required depending on course choices above.”

Data Science - Business Analytics (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“A minor in data science-business analytics requires completion of at least 22 credits, as follows. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student may not use more than nine credits (including capstone) that are also used to meet the requirements of other majors or minors. 
5.Electives: At least six nine additional credits chosen from among the following: BUS 314, 315…DS 395, 399, 421, 422, 423
6.Capstone: BUS 317
7. 6. Portfolio: DS 401, completed during the fall or winter term of the senior year, including at least three projects or assignments from courses in the minor in addition to the capstone project, and also including at least two reflections on data science competencies, one from required course and one from BUS 317.
No more than three credits of 400-level work can be counted towards the minor. Additional prerequisites may be required depending on course choices above.”

Digital Culture (2023-2024 catalog)
approved changes to the minor

“3. At least six credits chosen from ARTH 383, ARTS 131; BUS 306, 321; CLAS 343; any CSCI course; ENGL 453; JOUR 202, 220; POL 271; MESA 260; SOAN 220, 265, 266; and, when approved in advance, PHIL 296, DCI-designated courses”

Environmental Studies (2024-25 catalog)
approved changes to the BA major 

Conservation Biology track
“b.   Advanced social science foundations: one course chosen from ECON 255, 257, 259; ENV 282; POL 233; and when appropriate and approved in advance, ECON 295”

Climate Change track
c.   Human Dimensions: two courses chosen from ACCT 303; ECON 255, 259, 356; ENV 220, 230, 282, 330; PHIL 150; POL 105, 233, and when appropriate and approved in advance, BUS 390, 391; ECON 295

Environmental Economics and Policy track
c.   Three additional courses chosen from BIOL 325; BUS 390; ECON 257, 259, 280, 286 (SOAN 286), 302, 356; ENV 282; and when appropriate and approved in advance, ECON 295, 395

Environmental Humanities track
      b.   Religion / Sociology & Anthropology: one course chosen from ENV 230, 282, 330; REL 207, 285 (SOAN 285)
      d.   Two additional courses chosen from ARTS 233, 234, 236; ECON 286 (SOAN 286); ENGL 207, 214 (ENV 214), ENGL 263 (ENV 263); ENV 230, 250, 282, 330; HIST 288; PHIL 150; REL 207, 285 (SOAN 285), or when appropriate and approved in advance, BUS 390; ENGL 293, 393, 394

Sustainable Commerce track
b. Core Social Science: nine credits chosen from at least two departments from the following: ACCT 303; BUS 180, 390, 391, 392; ECON 255, 257, 276, 280, 356; ENV 282; SOAN 266, 268; POL 233, 268. And when approved in advance: ECON 295 (e.g. Intro to Sustainable Development)

Water Resources track
      a.   Human Dimensions: two courses chosen from ECON 255, 257, 259, 286 (SOAN 286); ENV 230, 250, 282; PHIL 150; POL 233; SOAN 285; and when appropriate and approved in advance, ENV 365 (PHIL 365)

Changes to the Environmental Studies minor

2. Social Sciences: one course from ACCT 303, ECON 255, 257, 259; ENV 282, 295; POL 233

Film and Visual Studies (2024-25 catalog)
approved change to the minor
 3 c. Production Courses: ARTS 111, 112, 120, 131, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 224; DANC 120; FILM 222 (THTR 222), 237S, 238, 252/253, 255, 273 (SOAN 273); THTR 121, 141, 222 (FILM 222), 235, 241, 242, 251, 253, 297, 336, 337, 338, 361; and, when appropriate, FILM 195,403

Earth and Environmental Geosciences (2024-25 catalog)
major in Earth and Environmental Geoscience leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree is recommended for students interested in careers outside of science, including business, law, or policy, and requires 36 credits as follows:

  1. In total, at least 28 credits in Earth and Environmental Geoscience (only one 100-level EEG lab course may count towards the major)
  2. EEG 200
  3. EEG 390
  4. At least three 200-level EEG laboratory courses totaling 12 credits.
  5. At least two 300-level EEG courses (excluding EEG 390 and EEG 395) totaling between 6-8 credits.
  6. Additional credits chosen from Earth and Environmental Geoscience at the 100, 200, or 300 level towards the 28 credit EEG requirement*.
  7. Additional credits not already applied chosen from: Earth and Environmental Geoscience (any level, excluding summer EXP credits); ENGN 178 or higher; MATH 102 or higher; BIOL 105 or higher; CHEM 110 or higher; CSCI 111 or higher; PHYS 111 or higher; ECON 203; or one of BUS 202, CBSC 250, ECON 202, POL 202, SOAN 218.
  8. The completion of a Capstone Portfolio of coursework

major in Earth and Environmental Geoscience leading to a Bachelor of Science degree is recommended for students pursuing graduate school or employment in earth or environmental geoscience fields and requires 52 credits as follows.

  1. In total, at least 36 credits in Earth and Environmental Geoscience
  2. EEG 200
  3. EEG 390
  4. CHEM 110 and PHYS 111
  5. At least four 200-level EEG laboratory courses totaling 16 credits.
  6. At least three 300-level EEG courses (excluding EEG 390 and EEG 395) totaling between 9-12 credits.
  7. Additional credits chosen from Earth and Environmental Geoscience at the 100, 200, or 300 level towards the 36 credit EEG requirement. (Only one 100-level EEG lab course may count towards the major.)
  8. One course chosen from BIOL 201; POL 202; BUS 202; ECON 202; CSCI 112; CBSC 250; SOAN 218; or MATH 102 or Higher.
  9. Additional credits not already applied chosen from: Earth and Environmental Geoscience (any level, excluding summer EXP credits); ENGN 178 or higher; MATH 102 or higher; BIOL 105 or higher; CHEM 110 or higher; CSCI 111 or higher; PHYS 111 or higher; ECON 203; or one of BUS 202, CBSC 250, ECON 202, POL 202, SOAN 218.
  10. The completion of a Capstone Portfolio of coursework.


English (2023-2024 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“3. Literatures before 1700: at least two courses chosen from ENGL 312, 313, 315, 316…
6. “Counter traditions”: at least one course chosen from ENGL 315, 356, 359…”

Environmental Studies (2024-25 catalog)
approved changes to major

Elective Tracks:
Conservation Biology
“b. Advanced social science foundations: one course chosen from ECON 255, 257, 259; ENV 282; POL 233…”

Climate Change
“c. Human Dimensions: two courses chosen from ACCT 303…ENV 220, 230, 282, 330…”

Environmental Economics and Policy
 “a.   Required: ECON 100, 203, 255, and either ECON 203 or SOAN 222
 c.   Three additional courses chosen from BIOL 325; BUS 390; ECON 257, 259, 280, 286 (SOAN 286), 302, 356; ENV 282, POL 233, 466; and when appropriate and approved in advance, ECON 295, 395; POL 294, 295; ENV 295; SOAN 291.”


Environmental Humanities
“b. Religion / Sociology & Anthropology: one course chosen from ENV 230, 282, 330…
d. Two additional courses chosen from ARTS 233, 234, 236…ENV 230, 250, 282, 330…”

Sustainable Commerce
 “b. Core Social Science: nine credits chosen from at least two departments from the following: ACCT 303… ECON 255, 257, 276, 280, 356; ENV 282…”

Water Resources
“a. Human Dimensions: two courses chosen from ECON 255, 257, 259, 286 (SOAN 286); ENV 230, 250, 282…”

Minor in Environmental Studies
approved the following changes:
Social Sciences: one course from ACCT 303, ECON 255, 257, 259; ENV 282, 295; POL 233…”


Entrepreneurship (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“A minor in entrepreneurship requires completion of at least 18 credits. With the exception of students majoring in accounting or business administration, students with any other major may also complete this minor. In meeting the requirements of this discipline-based minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of another major or minor.
1. Required courses: BUS 160 and either 397 or 399
2. Entrepreneurship Electives: Two courses chosen from the following: BUS 308, 374, 376, 381, 383, 387, 388, 392, and when appropriate to entrepreneurship with advance approval, BUS 301, 303, 304, 306, 390
3. Business Electives: Two courses chosen from the following: BUS 211, 217, 310, 314, 315, 316, 317, 321, 332, 333, 335, 345, 348, 349, 361, 362, 365, 369, 370, 371, 372, 377; FIN 221 (BUS 221); and, when appropriate to entrepreneurship with advance approval, BUS 301, 303, 304, 306, or 390 (may be accepted alternatively as Entrepreneurship Electives in some cases with advance approval).

Students in the minor are strongly encouraged to participate in Connolly Entrepreneurship Society, Student Pitch Competition, and Entrepreneurship Internship Program or other CES-sponsored events. or to They are also encouraged to attend two or more Entrepreneurship Summits when offered.”

Film and Visual Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“3.a. Film Courses: EALL 215; ENGL 244, 264 (WGSS 264); FILM 236, 241 (ENGL 241), 285…”

Film and Visual Studies (2024-25 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“3c. Production Ccourses: ARTS 111, 112… FILM 222 (THTR 222), 237S, 238, 252/253, 255, 273 (SOAN 273)…”

History (2024-25 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“A major in history leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of 36 33 credits in history, including the following: 1. Introduction: At least six credits from the 100-level courses, preferably taken during the first or sophomore years
2. At least 24 credits in history courses numbered 200 or above including the following distribution of credits:
a. Depth: At least 15 of these 24 credits will be in one of the following three areas of emphasis, including three credits from one of the 300-level seminars
i. European and Russian history
ii. American history, including REL 271 (HIST 271), and, with the department head’s approval, Latin American history
iii. Global history, including Asian, African, and Latin American (and, with the department head’s approval, Russian history)
b. Breadth: At least nine of these 24 credits will be in history courses outside the area of emphasis, including three credits from one of the 300-level seminars
c. At least three credits, at any level, in each of the distribution areas described above.
3. Electives: At least six three additional credits in history at any level.”

Humanities (HU) (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the humanities distribution requirement
“The following courses may be used to meet this requirement when completed successfully…
History —all courses below the 400 level except HIST 190, 212, 230, 238, 239, 286, and 322…”

Journalism and Strategic Communications - from Mass Communications (2023-24 catalog)
revised the minor as follows:
A minor in journalism and strategic communications mass communications requires at least six regular three- or four-credit JOUR courses…
1. Required Courses: JOUR 101, 201
2. Values and Theory Professional Values: one course chosen from JOUR 221, 240, 242, 296, 301, 318, 319, 325, 338, 344, and 345
3. 4. Media Practice Media Theory/History: one course chosen from JOUR 201, 220, 227, 230, 273, 280, 341, 351, 357, 365, 371, 372, and 395
4.Two additional courses in journalism and mass communications
5.Short paper and group assessment”

Latin American and Caribbean Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“”2. Distribution: Literature: LACS 256 (LIT 256), LACS 259 (WGSS 259), LACS 265 (SPAN 265); SPAN 240…”
2. Distribution: Art and Humanities: ARTH 170, 271, 274, 276, 376, 378; HIST 130, 131, 232, 233, 235, 236…”
3. Related: 6 credits from the following or from any course not used above in 2. Distribution: ECON 259; LACS 195,
257…; SPAN 201, 216, 217, 270…”

Law, Justice, and Society (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“2. a. Distribution: College: ARTH 146; BIOL 160 (CHEM 160); CLAS 341 (LJS 341); CLAS 345 (LJS 345)JOUR 245, 280, 301, 303… SOAN 245 (POL 245), 246 (POL 246), 253 (POL 253), 268 (POL 268), 271, … and when appropriate and approved in advance: ENV 295; JOUR 295; HIST 229, 289; LJS 295…”
2b. Distribution: Williams School: ACCT 256… POL 250, 268…”

Medieval and Renaissance Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“1. MRST 110, 110A, or one of the following courses: ARTH 101, 102; CLAS 201, 205, 210, 224; ENGL 240, 241, 242, 250, 252…”
“2.History and History of Science: CLAS 224; HIST 100, 101…255, 272, 305…”
Fine Arts: ARTH 101, 102…THTR 210, 341, 342…”
Literature: CLAS 180, 201, 203, 205, 215; ENGL 240, 241, 242, 250, 252, 312, 313, 315, 316, 319…”

approved changes to the minor
“1. MRST 110, 110A, or one of the following courses: ARTH 101, 102; CLAS 201, 205, 210, 224; ENGL 240, 241, 242, 250, 252…”
“2. History and History of Science: CLAS 224; HIST 100, 101…255, 272, 305…”
Fine Arts: ARTH 101, 102…THTR 210, 341, 342…”
Literature: CLAS 180, 201, 203, 205, 215; ENGL 240, 241, 242, 250, 252, 312, 313, 315, 316, 319…”

Middle East and South Asia Studies with Language Emphasis (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“2.a. Distribution: Art History and Literature: ARTH 140, 141, 146… or, when appropriate, ARTH 195, 295…”
2. b. Other humanities: FILM 237S, 252S; HIST 170, 171 … or, when appropriate, HIST 195, 289; REL 195, 260, 351 (on a Mesa-related topic)…
“2.c. Distribution: Social Sciences: ECON 246, 376…POL 384, 386; REL 220, 222, 246; SOAN 247…”

Middle East and South Asia Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“2.a. Distribution: Art History and Literature: ARTH 140, 141, 146… or, when appropriate, ARTH 195, 295…”
2. b. Other humanities: FILM 237S, 252S; HIST 170, 171 … or, when appropriate, HIST 195, 289; REL 195, 260, 351 (on a Mesa-related topic)…
“2.c. Distribution: Social Sciences: ECON 246, 376…REL 220, 222, 246; SOAN 247…”

Music (2023-24 catalog)
aprroved changes to the BS major
“1. MUS 121, 161, 162, 163, 164, 170, 195, 201…”

approved changes to the minor
“1. MUS 120, MUS 121, 161, 162, 163, 164, and either MUS 201 or 202
2. Two additional 3- or 4-credit courses selected from music courses taken at the 200-level or above
 MUS 201 or MUS 202

Philosophy (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the major
“5. History of philosophy or major figures: Two courses chosen from PHIL 110-139, 195…REL 218…WGSS 235

approved change to the minor
“2. Five courses chosen from at least two of the following three groups:
History of philosophy or major figures:
PHIL 110-139, 195…REL 218…WGSS 235…”

Physics (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the BS major
“A major in physics leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 50 credits including the
following.

1. PHYS 111, 112, 207 (ENGN 207), 210, 225 (ENGN 225), 230, 265, 275, 285, 340, 345; and MATH 101, 102 and
221 332
2. Two courses in advanced physics: PHYS 285, 289
3. 2. One Two additional PHYS courses at the 200- or 300-level
4. 3. One course chosen from PHYS 399, 473, 493 or three credits of research from PHYS 421, PHYS 422 or PHYS
423 followed by a 15-page research paper to be completed before graduation or from PHYS 451, PHYS 452 or
PHYS 453 followed by a 15-page research paper to be completed before graduation. **
5. 4. Three additional credits chosen from the following:
BIOL 185, 187, 280, 282, 283, 385;
CHEM 110, CHEM numbered 200 and above;
CSCI 121, 211, 250;
EEG 211, 275, 311;
ENGN numbered 200 and above
MATH 222, MATH numbered 300 and above 303, 309, 310, 333, 345, 353
PHYS 151, 190, PHYS numbered 200 and above”

Politics (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the major
“3.d. Political Philosophy: completion of four courses chosen from LJS 101; POL 265, 266…386, 396…”

Poverty and Human Capability Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the minor
“3. At least 10 credits chosen from…HIST 232…, SOAN 217, 222, 227, 228, 244, 259, 263, 264, 265, 266…SPAN 347

Religion (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“A major in religion leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 30 credits from 10 three- or four-credit courses including the following:
1.Introduction: One course introducing theory and method in the study of religion chosen from REL 100 or 210. This course must normally be taken before the start of the senior year.
2.Religious Traditions: Two courses introducing trends in the thought, practice, and/or significance of a religious tradition. At least one course must be chosen from each of two of the following religious traditions
a.Asian Religions: REL 103, 131, 132, 231
b.Christianity: REL 102, 151, 152, 250
c.Islam: REL 105, 108, 172, 271, 281, 283
d.Judaism: REL 101, 106, 271
e.American Indian Religions: REL 285 (SOAN 285) Secularity: REL 104 Secularity: REL 104
3.Cluster: A group of at least three courses proposed by students in consultation with their departmental adviser before the end of the junior year, cohering in such a way as to define and inform students’ particular interest in a tradition, a topic or a method of studying religion. The cluster must include at least two courses from the Religion Department and may include up to three credits from one three- or four-credit course in other related disciplines or interdisciplinary programs (e.g., anthropology, art history, classics, English, history, philosophy, political science, sociology, women and gender studies). Examples of clusters might include the following:

Traditions of Scripture: REL 101, 102, 108, 335
Religion and Law: REL 335, 381, POL 236
Religion and Literature: REL 153, 272, ENGL 236
Religion in Classical Antiquity: REL 250, 283, 350, CLAS 201 (LIT 201)
Patterns in Medieval Religion: REL 151, 215, HIST 305
Secularization and Religion: REL 104, 152, SOAN 290 (when appropriate)


Students are encouraged to search the catalog and each term’s list of topical offerings for courses relatedto their study of religion. Examples of other courses that may count for the cluster include, but are not exhausted by:
ARTH 140 - Asian Art
ARTH 242 - Arts of India
ARTH 253 - Medieval Art in Southern Europe
ARTH 254 - Medieval Art in Northern Europe
ARTH 342 - Love, Loyalty, and Lordship: Court Art of India, 1500s to1800s
ARTH 347 - Forget Me Not: Visual Culture of Historic and Religious Memorials
CLAS 201 - Classical Mythology
CLAS 288 - Supervised Study Abroad: Rome and Ancient Italy
ENGL 236 - The Bible as English Literature
ENGL 330 - Milton ENGL 252 - Shakespeare
HIST 170 - History of Islamic Civilization I: Origins to 1500
HIST 171 - History of Islamic Civilization II: 1500 to the Present
HIST 204 - The Age of the Reformation
HIST 305 - Seminar: Religion, Church and Politics in Medieval and Renaissance Society
INTR 301 - The Irish World in Literature, Religion, and History
PHIL 214 - Poverty, Ethics, and Religion
PHIL 223 - Buddhist Philosophy
and, when appropriate, ARTH 394, POL 396, SOAN 290, SOAN 390.

4.Additional work in religion or other related disciplines to add up to 10 courses. A limit of one non-Religion course will count toward the major including those in #3 above.
5.A minimum of 15 credits must be at the 200 level or above, excluding REL 210, 399, and 493.
6.Senior capstone: REL 399 or 493 (3-3)
7.Students seeking to graduate with honors are required to graduate with a minimum of 11 three- or four-credit courses.”

approved changes to the minor
“A minor in religion requires completion of six (6) courses, as follows. In meeting the requirements of this discipline- based minor, a student may not use more than nine credits (including capstone) that are also used to meet the requirements of other majors or minors. Students may be able to count one appropriate course from another department toward the six-course minimum by petitioning the department ahead of time, in consultation with their advisor.
1.REL 100 or REL 210
2.at least two courses focused on the thought, practice, and significance of a particular religious tradition. At least one course must be chosen from each of two of the following religious traditions:
a. Asian Religions: REL 103, 131, 132, 231
b. Christianity: REL 102, 151, 152, 250
c. Islam: REL 105, 108, 172, 271, 283, 284
d. Judaism: REL 101, 106, 271
e. Secularity: REL 104
3.at least two (2) courses above the 100-level (i.e., seminars)
4.either any 200- or 300-level seminar, or (optionally) REL 399 (Religion Capstone Seminar). Minors wishing to take REL 399 are required to formulate a research topic by the end of the preceding winter term and have it approved by the department faculty. Four other REL courses must be completed before taking REL 399. Alternatively, any other REL seminar may be taken in place of REL 399 to complete the program, but at least one 300-level course must be taken.”
5. Approved adding a new spring term course in sociology and anthropology, carrying the FDR-SS4 designation, and revising the sociology and anthropology major and the poverty and human capability studies minor, effective spring 2024.

Sociology and Anthropology (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“3. Methods: Two courses chosen from the following: SOAN 208, 210… 244, 261, 265, 269, 276, 365, 378…”
“4. Emphasis: Completion of one of the two following areas of emphasis…
Anthropology electives: SOAN 181, 186, 206, 207, 208, 210, 211, 215, 229238 (HIST 238), 239 (HIST 239), 240, 243 (ARTH 243), 247, 252…
Sociology Emphasis: …Sociology electives: SOAN 180, 205, 208…259, 263, 264…”

Sociology and Anthropology (2024-25 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“4. Emphasis: Completion of one of the two following areas of emphasis…
Anthropology electives: SOAN 181, … SOAN 260, 261,… 273 (FILM 273), 277…”

Studio Art (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the major
“A major in studio art leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 36 credits, as follows: ARTS 111 or 115, 309…”

approved change to the minor
“1. Two introductory-level courses chosen from the following: ARTS 111 or 115, 120, 131…”

Theater (2023-24 catalog)
approved changes to the major
“6. At least 12 additional credits chosen from among the following…: DANC 120, 190…THTR 100, 125…341, 342…”

approved change to the minor
“4. Electives: THTR 100, 125…341, 342…”

Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies (2023-24 catalog)
approved change to the minor
“2. Intermediate theory course: either LACS 259 (WGSS 259); LIT 210 (WGSS 210), WGSS 220…”
3.b. Distribution: Humanities and other disciplines: ARTH 365, CLAS 210…ENGL 254, 264, 312, 313, 315, 316… HIST 206, 211, 219, 228, 232, 237…”

Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies (2024-25 catalog)
approved change to the minor

3.a. Distribution: 12 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from each of the two areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Committee approves.

  1. Social and Natural Sciences: BIOL 255; … and WGSS 296; and when appropriate, ECON 295, POL 292, SOAN 180, 291, …”

3.b. Distribution: Humanities and other disciplines: ARTH 365, CLAS 210…and, when appropriate, ENGL 250, 293, 295… HIST 195, 229, 269…”

Miscellaneous Information

Leave of Absence policy
If a situation arises that requires a student to be away from campus for more than two consecutive weeks in fall or winter term,the student must petition FEC for permission. In such instances, the student may be required to take a leave of absence for the remainder of the term. See the leave of absence policy for information on returning from a leave of absence. Student anticipating absences of more than twenty percent of scheduled class meeting during spring term must declare spring option in advance or petition FEC for late spring option. 

Incomplete Grade policy (2024-25 catalog)

A grade of Incomplete signifies that, due to some cause beyond the student’s reasonable control (e.g., illness, injury, incapacitation), the work of the course has not been completed or the final examination has been deferred. The decision to grant an Incomplete should be made no sooner than the last three weeks of the term when it is clear the work of the course cannot be completed. When the deficiency is subsequently removed, the grade then attained is substituted for I in the permanent record.

The request for an incomplete grade is initiated by the student with an online form available through Self-Service. For each Incomplete requested, a separate form is submitted. The form goes directly to the faculty instructor of the section who is the only person who can decide whether to allow an Incomplete. Requests for an incomplete grade must be made prior to final grades being posted in Workday and no later than 5pm on the last day of the final exam period.

To receive credit for a course in which an I (Incomplete) grade has been received, a student must remove the deficiency by the due date set by the instructor and no later than the end of the 15th class day (three weeks) into the next fall, winter, or spring term, as appropriate, whether or not they are still enrolled at Washington and Lee. If unchanged by the instructor, the I grade becomes an F. For any extension, the student must obtain approval from the responsible faculty member on an Incomplete Grade Extension form and submit the form to the University Registrar’s Office before the current deadline. All I grades remaining at the end of the subsequent term will automatically become F grades, whether or not the students are still enrolled.

Students may not register if they have four or more Incompletes on their record. Students may not graduate with an Incomplete remaining on their record, unless there are extraordinary circumstances satisfactory to the Committee on Courses and Degrees.

Changing a Grade (2024-25 catalog)

Grades may be changed after the end of a term at the written request of an instructor only if the instructor discovers an error in the original assignment, but in no case may any grade be changed after the end of the 15th class day (three weeks) into the next fall, winter, or spring term, as appropriate, or after graduation without the approval of the Faculty through the Committee on Courses and Degrees.

The determination of any student’s grade remains the responsibility of the faculty member teaching the course. If a student requests to have a grade chanage that is not due to an error and is after the 15th class day of the following term, then there are two procedures:

1. If the faculty member agrees, then the student submits a petition to C&D and faculty member submits an email of approval. This is the normal process.

2. If the faculty member does not agree with the grade change requested, then the Dean of the College* will oversee the following process. The department/program head will meet with the faculty member and the student separately to understand the grade dispute. The department/program head has one work week from the first notice of the dispute to mediate the dispute. The principle that the determination of any student’s grade remains the responsibility of the faculty member teaching the course stands. At the end of the mediation period, the department/program head will communicate the outcome to the dean, faculty member and student.

  • If the faculty member now agrees, then the student submits a petition to C&D and faculty member submits an email of approval. This is the normal process.
  • If the faculty member does not agree, then the student has two choices: (1) they may withdraw the dispute or (2) the student may submit a petition to C&D and the faculty member submits an email indicating that they do not approve of the grade change. C&D considers the petition and the message from the faculty member on their merits and makes a recommendation to the Faculty for consideration at the following meeting of the Faculty.  In grade disputes, the decision of the Faculty is final. There is no appeal.

Timing considerations:

  • Overall, grade disputes from Fall and Winter (and the prior Spring) must be resolved in time for a vote at the final Faculty meeting of the academic year. Ideally, they are resolved by the Faculty by the final meeting of the following term, hence the following deadlines:
    - dispute a Fall grade: petition by the end of week 6 of the following Winter term
    - dispute a Winter grade: petition by the end of week 2 of the following Spring term
    - dispute a Spring grade: petition by the end of the 3rd week after the grade is posted and no later than the first day of the following Fall term
  • In cases when grades are posted past the usual time, such as with resolved incompletes: petition by the end of the 3rd week after the grade is posted. Or, if posted in the summer, no later than the first day of the following Fall term
  • Grade disputes may not delay other actions by committees such as ARR
  • In instances involving seniors, resolving a grade dispute could delay graduation
  • For the integrity of the academic record, grade changes do not occur after the degree is conferred.

* If the faculty member is Dean of the College, then the Dean of the Williams School will serve in their place.