2018-2019 University Catalog 
    
    Oct 19, 2018  
2018-2019 University Catalog

Official Notification of Approved Catalog Changes


(last updated October 15, 2018)

New or revised courses
Deleted courses
Revisions to degree, major, and minor requirements
Policy changes
Miscellaneous information

New or Revised Courses

ACCT 100 - Introduction to Accounting  
ACCT 359 - Taxation of Business Entities and Special Topics in Taxation  (renumbered from 356)
ACCT 452 - Volunteer Income Tax Assistance  
ACCT 454 - Internship  
ARAB 210 - Media Arabic  
ARAB 395 - Special Topics in Arab Literature and Culture  
ARTH 209 - History of Western Architecture  
ARTH 302 - Understanding Art: Between Things and Art  
ARTS 233 - Eco Art  
BIOL 187 - Introduction to Data Science in Python  
BIOL 215S - Biochemistry at St. Andrews  - from 6 credits to 3 credits (2018-19 catalog)
BUS 196 - Williams Investment Society  - to 1 credit (beginning Winter 2018)
BUS 197 - Washington and Lee Student Consulting  - to 1 credit (beginning Winter 2018)
BUS 453 - Business Internship  
CPD 451 - Career and Professional Development Summer Internship  
DCI 108 - Communication Through the Web  
DCI 393 - Creating Digital Scholarship Seminar  
DCI 403 - Directed Individual Study  
ECON 421 - Directed Individual Research  
ECON 422 - Directed Individual Research  
ECON 441 - Honors Thesis Proposal  
EDUC 464A - Directed Teaching: Pre-K to 12  
EDUC 464E - Directed Teaching: Elementary  
EDUC 464S - Directed Teaching: Middle and Secondary  
ENGL 201 - Introduction to Creative Writing  - revised
ENGL 210 - Topics in Creative Writing  
ENGL 222 - Introductory Topics in British Literature  
ENGL 223 - Introductory Topics in American Literature  
ENGL 224 - Introductory Topics in World Literature  
ENGL 292 - Topics in British Literature  - revised
ENGL 294 - Topics in World Literature in English  - revised
ENGL 431 - Master Class in Creative Writing  
ENGN 421, 422, 423 - graded S/U
ENV 110 - Introduction to Environmental Studies  - remove FDR SS5 beginning Fall 2018
ENV 288 - Key Thinkers on the Environment  
ENV 365 - Advanced Topics in Environmental Ethics  (PHIL 365)
HIST 225 - The Reformation in Britain: Blood, Sex, and Sermons  
HIST 271 - Islam in America: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness  (REL 271)
HIST 272 - Victorian Britain and the World  
HIST 278 - Great Moments in the History of Medicine  
HIST 288 - Key Thinkers on the Environment  
HIST 305 - Religion and the Church in Medieval and Renaissance Politics and Society   - new title/description
HIST 453 - Internship in History  
HIST 456 - Internship in History  
INTR 153 - Preparation for London Internship Program  
INTR 453 - International Internship  - graded P/F basis
JOUR 150 - Introduction to the Politics and Policies of Global Communication 
LIT 210 - Representations of Women, Gender and Sexuality in World Literature  (renumbered from 310)
MATH 291 - Directed Summer Research   - graded S/U
MATH 292 - Directed Summer Research   - graded S/U
MATH 293 - Directed Summer Research    - graded S/U
MRST 252 - Introduction to Shakespeare  
MUS 100 - Class Piano I  
MUS 101 - Class Piano II  
NEUR 121 - Introduction to Neuroscience Workshop  
PE 302 - Care and Prevention of Athletic Injuries  - to 1 credit (beginning Winter 2018)
PE 304 - First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation  - to 1 credit (beginning Winter 2018)
PHIL 104 - Introduction to Moral and Political Philosophy  - renumbered to 104 (2018-19 catalog)
PHIL 234 - American Pragmatism  - renumbered to 234 (2018-19 catalog)
PHIL 365 - Advanced Topics in Environmental Ethics  (ENV 365)
PHIL 381 - Perception and Human Experience: Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology   - renumbered to 381 (2018-19 catalog)
PHIL 347 - Ethics of Globalization  - renumbered to 347 (2018-19 catalog)
revise PHIL 195, 295, 395 to the following (2018-19 catalog)
PHIL 195: Seminar in History of Philosophy or Major Figures (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring
PHIL 196: Seminar in Ethics and Value Theory (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 197: Seminar in Metaphysics and Epistemology (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 198: Seminar in Continental Philosophy (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 295: Seminar in History of Philosophy or Major Figures (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 296: Seminar in Ethics and Value Theory (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 297: Seminar in Metaphysics and Epistemology (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 298: Seminar in Continental Philosophy (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 395: Seminar in History of Philosophy or Major Figures (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 396: Seminar in Ethics and Value Theory (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 397: Seminar in Metaphysics and Epistemology (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHIL 398: Seminar in Continental Philosophy (3 credits in fall-winter-spring, 4 in spring)
PHYS 265 - Modeling and Simulation of Physical Systems  
PHYS 275 - Electricity and Magnetism  - renumbered from PHYS 220
PHYS 285 - Optics  - renumbered from PHYS 215
PHYS 399 - Capstone 
PHYS 421, 422, 423 - graded S/U
POL 191 - Issues in World Affairs   - graded S/U
POL 278 - Intelligence and National Security  
POL 287 - The Maghreb: History, Culture, and Politics  
POL 385 - Freedom  
POV 280 - Poverty Law  
PSYC 423 - Directed Individual Research  
PSYC 431, 432, 433 - graded S/U
REL 220 - Whose Law? Pluralism. Conflict, and Justice   
REL 271 - Islam in America: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness  (HIST 271)
REL 351 - Seminar in Biblical Studies  
SOAN 219 - Applied Bayesian Regression for the Social Sciences  
SOAN 250 - Revolutions and Revolutionaries  
SOAN 263 - Poverty and Marginality in the Americas  
SOAN 269 - Studying Global Culture with the World Values Survey  
SPAN 213 - Seville and the Foundations of Spanish Civilization  
SPAN 380 - Spanish Grammar Rules: The Making of a Language 
WGSS 210 - Representations of Women, Gender and Sexuality in World Literature  (renumbered from 310)
WGSS 403 - Directed Individual Study  
WGSS 451 - Internship  

New Global Learning (GL) designations:

ARTH 274: Art and Revolution: Mexican Muralism
ARTH 383: Digital Florence
EALL 215: East Asian Cinema
POL 278: Intelligence and National Security
POL 287: The Maghreb: History, Culture, and Politics
SOAN 250: Revolutions and Revolutionaries
SPAN 380: Spanish Grammar Rules: The Making of a Language

New Experiential Learning (EXP) designations:

ACCT 454 (Summer 2018)
ARTS 213 (Spring 2019)
ARTS 233
BUS 392
BUS 453
CHEM 421 (Summer 2018)
CHEM 422 (Summer 2018)
CHEM 423 (Summer 2018)
CHIN 103
CHIN 113
CHIN 263
CHIN 363
CHIN 493
CLAS 434 (Summer 2018)
CPD 451 (Summer 2018)
ENGL 431
ENGN 421 (Winter 2018)
ENGN 422 (Winter 2018)
ENGN 423 (Winter 2018)
ENV 111 (Fall 2018)
GERM 392
GERM 453: Internship (3) (Summer 2018)
HIST 453 (Summer 2018)
HIST 456 (Summer 2018)
INTR 453 (Summer 2018)
JAPN 100
JAPN 115
JAPN 265
JAPN 365
JOUR 210
MATH 401-03 (Fall 2017 only)
MATH 291, 292, 293
MUS 100
MUS 101
PHYS 421 (Winter 2018)
PHYS 422 (Winter 2018)
PHYS 423 (Winter 2018)
POL 191
POL 287
POL 295-01 (Spring 2018 only)
POV 453
PSYC 423 (Summer 2018)
SOAN 250
SOAN 263
SOAN 401, 402, 403 (Summer 2018 only)
SPAN 213
WGSS 451 (Summer 2018)

New Perspectives (PERS) designations:

SOAN 102 (not permanent, flexible designation as per topical course)

Spring Term Credits (3 or 4) and Offerings:

ACCT 280 (3) (Spring 2019)
ARTS 213 (4) (Spring 2019)
CHIN 103 (4) (Spring 2019)
CHIN 113 (4) (Spring 2019)
CHIN 263 (4) (Spring 2019)
CHIN 363 (4) (Spring 2019)
CSCI 253 (4) (Spring 2019)
EALL 175 (4) (Spring 2019)
HIST 105 (3) (Spring 2018)
HIST 244 (3) (Spring 2019)
JOUR 204 (3) (Spring 2019)
JOUR 270 (3) (Spring 2019)
LIT 235 (4), Fu (Spring 2019)
REL 333 (3) (Spring 2020)
REL/ECON 246 (4) (Spring 2019)
THTR 204 (4) (Spring 2019)
 

Deleted Courses 

ACCT 201: Introduction to Financial Accounting
ACCT 340: Advanced Accounting
ACCT 356 : Taxation of Business Entities and Special Topics in Taxation - renumbered to 359
ACCT 357: Tax Research
ACCT 371: Tax Service Learning in South Africa
ACCT 372: Management Accounting in China
ACCT 453: Internship - revised to ACCT 454 (P/F only grading)
BIOL 104: Biological Illustration
BIOL 140: Natural History of Rockbridge County
BIOL 165: Human Biology and Nutrition
BIOL 216: Tropical Ecology
BIOL 231: Field Entomology
BIOL 235: Plant Diversity
BIOL 246: Biological Diversity
BIOL 274: Structural Biology
BIOL 285: Introduction to Systems Biology
BIOL 296: Topics in Integrative Science
BIOL 320: Modern Genetic Analysis
BIOL 321: Advanced Genetics Laboratory
BIOL 295: Topics: Structural and Functional Biology
BUS 372: Cross-Cultural Issues in Marketing
CLAS 208: The Classical Epic Tradition
DH (Digital Humanities) courses all changed to DCI (Digital Culture and Information)
ECON 186: Lakota Land and Culture - revised to ECON 286
ECON 272: Japan's Modern Economy
ECON 282: Economic Governance & Institutional Design
ECON 319: The Great Recession: An Oxford Tutorial
ECON 335: Topics in Econometrics
EDUC 461A: Directed Teaching: Pre-K to 12 (changed to EDUC 464A)
EDUC 461E: Directed Teaching: Elementary (changed to EDUC 464E)
EDUC 461S: Directed Teaching: Middle and Secondary (changed to EDUC 464S)
ENGL 201: Advanced Expository Writing
ENGL 205: Poetic Forms
GERM 263: Bavarian Spring Term: Intermediate German
GERM 303: Bavarian Spring Term
GERM 315: German Literature, 1850-1900
GERM 320: German Literature of the 17th and 18th Centuries (Baroque and Aufklärung)
GERM 335: German Playwriting
GERM 395: Seminar
GR 309: Greek Prose Composition
LATN 327: Medieval and Renaissance Write
LIT 261: Modern German Literature in Translation
LIT/WGSS 310 - Representations of Women, Gender and Sexuality in World Literature (renumbered to 210)
MUS 296: Spring-Term Topics in Music
PE 182: Kayaking
PHIL 100: Introduction to Philosophy
PHIL 180: FS: First-Year Seminar
PHIL 212: Philosophy and Religion
PHIL 230: Kierkegaard
PHIL 262: Art, Imagination, and Ethics
PHIL 266: Philosophy and Literature
PHIL 296: Spring-Term Seminar on Philosphical Topics
PHYS 270: Complex Systems
POL 270 (HIST 270): Modern Islamic Political Thought
POL 240: Elections and Law in Comparative Perspective
POL 249: African Politics
PSYC 230: Contemporary Issues in Child Development
REL 212: Philosophy and Religion
SOAN 186: Lakota Land and Culture - revised to SOAN 286
SOAN 190: Bibliographical Resources
SOAN 223: Social Sciences and Religion
SOAN 232: Historical Archaeology
SOAN/HIST 234: Nations and Nationalism
SOAN 255: Terror and Violence in Anthropological Perspective
SOAN/POL 272: Social Revolution
SOAN 275: Feminst Anthropology
SOAN 289: Sociology of the Self, Self-Help, and the Pursuit of Happiness
SOAN 378: Archaeological Field Survey Techniques
SOAN 453: Internships
WGSS 150: Women in Sport
WGSS/LIT 310 - Representations of Women, Gender and Sexuality in World Literature (renumbered to 210)

Revisions to degree, major, and minor requirements 

Accounting and Business Administration (2018-2019 catalog)
approved revising the requirements for the major as follows:
A major in accounting leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires 46 49 credits, as follows:
"1. ACCT 201, 202, 320, 321: BUS 211, 221, 346: ECON 100; INTR 201, 202...
...4. Nine credits from among ACCT 310, 311, 328, 330, 340, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360
5. At least three additional credits chosen from courses numbered ACCT 256 through ACCT 373..."

Accounting (2019-2020 catalog)
approved revising the requirement for the major as follows:
"1. ACCT 100, 201, 202, 231, 320, 321, 332, 333: BUS 211, 221, 346: ECON 100: INTR 201, 202...

 

Africana Studies minor (2018-2019 catalog)
approved revising the minor as follows:
To move HIST 279 from group 4 (three additional courses) to group 2 (Africa-focused course)

Archaeology minor (2018-2019 catalog)
Approved revising the minor as follows:
"2. Methods: One course chosen from CLAS 434; SOAN 210, 211..."

Art History minor (2018-2019 catalog)
approved revising the minor as follows:
"1. Two courses chosen from ARTH 101, 102, 140, 141,and 170"

Biology (2018-2019 catalog)
Approved the following revisions to majors and minors in biology, effective with the 2018-19 catalog.

major in biology, leading to a BA degree
"5 Structure and Function: One course from BIOL 225*, 250, 255, 260* or 260S*, 261S*,..."

major in biology, leading to a BS degree
"6 Structure and Function: One course from BIOL 225, 250, 255, 260 or 260S, 261S, ..."

minor in animal biology
"6. Structure related to function: BIOL 261S, 355 or 362"

minor in physiology
"5. Intermediate level: one course chosen from BIOL 250, 255, 261S, 275, and, when appropriate 297"

Biology (2019-2020 catalog)
revised the majors and minor below:

major in biology leading to a BS degree
"2. BIOL 185, BIOL 187, CSCI.102, or CSCI 121"

major in biology leading to a BA degree
"2. Quantitative Biology: Choose two courses from: BIOL 187, BIOL 201; CSCI 102, 121; ..."

minor in quantitative biology
"3. Computer science: BIOL 185, BIOL 187, CSCI.102, or CSCI 121"

Chemistry (2018-2019 catalog)
approved revising the major in chemistry leading to a BAchelor of Science degree as follows:
"1. CHEM 110, 211, 241 or 241S, 242, 243, 250, 260 or 261, 341; ..."

Creative Writing minor (2018-2019 catalog)
approved revising the minor in Creative Writing as follows:

"A minor in creative writing requires six three- or four-credit courses, exclusive of ENGL 201. In meeting the requirements of this minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor. The courses must include:
1.    Creative writing workshops: three courses chosen from ENGL 201, 202 (or THTR 220), 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 215, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, and 391, with at least one at the 300-level.
2.    Literature: two literature courses in English, including one chosen from courses numbered between 222 and 295 and one chosen from ENGL 299 or English courses numbers between 311 and 386...."
 

Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the minor:
5. Unearthing, Conserving, and Curating: ... SOAN ... 232, 286, 378."

Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies (2019-2020 catalog)
revise the minor:
5. Unearthing, Conserving, and Curating: ... ART 243, 274, 276, 288, 346, 356...'

Dance (2018-2019 catalog)

revise the minor in dance
"1. Three credits from DANC 110
2. DANC 111
3. One course chosen from DANC 220, 240
4. ..."

Digital Culture and Informaton (2018-2019 catalog)

- approved a new minor in digital and culture and information as follows:
A minor in digital culture and information requires completion of 18 credits, as follows. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student may not use more than nine credits (including capstone) that are also used to meet the requirements of other majors or minors.

  1. DCI 102, 108
  2. At least six credits chosen from DCI 110, 175,190,393,403; HIST 211; JOUR 341
  3. At least three credits chosen from BUS 321, 306, 310, 3215, 317; CLAS 343; any CSCI course; DCI 180; ENGL 453; GERM 347, 349; SOAN 265, 266; and, when approved in advance, DCI-designated course
  4. Capstone project. Three credits chosen from DCI 393, 403 (not used above), or a capstone or honors thesis in the major field of study, of sustained intellectual engagement using digital tools or methods and approved one term in advance of beginning by the core faculty of the minor
  5. Portfolio: at least three projects or assignments, in addition to the capstone, from courses in the minor which demonstrate attention to design, used experience, awareness of audience, and professional or academic context, and including both reflection on and analysis of each work in the portfolio.

East Asian Languages and Literatures (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the major:
4. General courses:... ECON 272, 274
 

East Asian Studies (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the minor:
Chinese emphasis 3. Three additional credits ... ECON 272 ...
 

Education (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the minor:
4. Context: ... PSYC 230...

Education Policy (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the minor:
5. Educational Context ... PSYC 230...
 

English (2018-2019 catalog)

Approved the following changes to the major in English
      "A major In English leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires 11 three- or four-credit courses, exclusive of ENGL 201. The credits must include the following. Students who complete categories 1 and 2 have completed the prerequisites for 300-level English courses.

1.   One or two English course numbered between 201 and 295
2.   ENGL 299 A second English course numbered between 222 and 299
3.   Literatures before 1700: at least two courses chosen from ENGL 311, 312, 313, 316, 319, 320, 326, 330, 386, 392, and, when the topic is appropriate, ENGL 403
4.   Literatures from 1700-1900: at least one course chosen from ENGL 334, 335, 336, 341, 345, 348, 349, 358, 362, 367, 393, and, when the topic is appropriate, ENGL 403
5.   Literatures after 1900: at least one course chosen from ENGL 350, 35l, 352, 353, 354, 355, 359, 360, 361, 363, 364, 365, 366, 368, 369, 370, 373, 375, 382, 384, 388, 394, and, when the topic is appropriate, ENGL 403
6.   "Counter traditions": at least one course chosen from ENGL 350,351,359, 361, 366, 382, 395, and, when the topic is appropriate, ENGL 403
7.   One additional course at the 200 or 300 level
8.   Three additional courses at the 300-level or above. One of these four courses can, with English department approval in advance, come from departments and programs other than English, but only one term of ENGL 493 may count toward this requirement, as one of the 11 courses required for the major.
9.   Completion of the capstone writing requirement with either ENGL 413 (3) or ENGL 493 (3-3)

The English faculty urges majors to craft their courses of study to include lyric poetry, narrative, nonfiction prose, and drama."

Environmental Studies (2018-2019)
Revise the major in environmental studies as follows:
"2. Social Science Fundamentals: take one course chosen from: ECON 100, 101; POL 100, 105
5.  Advanced Quantitative Skills: take one course chosen from BIOL 282, 322, 325; ECON 203; GEOL 260
6. C. Humanities: take one course chosen from ARTS 233; BUS 335; ENGL 207; PHIL 150,282,365 (ENV 365); REL 207, 224, 285; SOAN 224, 285, 286; or, when approved in advance, CLAS 295, ENV 395 or PHIL 395
D. Social Sciences: take one course chosen from ACCT 303; ECON 255, 259, 356; POL 233
E. Free electives: ...
    ARTS 233...
ECON 255, 259, 286, or, when approved in advance, ECON 288...
     SOAN 224, 285, 286..."

Revise the minor in environmental studies as follows:

"2. Social Sciences: one course from each of the following two areas

Group 1: ECON 100, 101; POL 100, 105
Group 2: ACCT 303; ECON 255, 259; ENV 295; POL 233...

4. Humanities: two courses chosen from ARTS 233; BUS 335; ENGL 207; ENV 395; PHIL 150, 282, 365 (ENV 365); REL 207, 224, 285; SOAN 224, 285, 286 (ECON 286); and, when appropriate, CLAS 295""


Film and Visual Culture (2018-2019 catalog)
revision to the minor in film and visual culture
"2. Capstone course: FILM 413 or other departmental directed study (e.g., 403) approved in advance by the
department head of Theater, Dance, and Film Studies

Geology (2018-2019 catalog)
Approved revising the majors in geology as follows:

major in geology leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree
"1. Either GEOL 101 or 101 (removed 105)

German (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the major:
4.b. 19th century: GERM 313, 315
5. At least three credits from GERM 303, 304, 305...
 

major in geology leading to a Bachelor of Science degree
"1. Either GEOL 10o or 101 (removed 105)

Journalism (2018-2019 catalog)
approved the following change to the major in Journalism:
2.Diversity of Experience: Take one course chosen from the following: ECON 231, 232, 233; ENGL 262, 359, 361, 366; HIST 253, 260, 268; JOUR 266, 268; PHIL 235, 238, 242, 243, 244, 254; POV 101; SOAN 228, 268, 275, 280, or when appropriate, PSYC 296;
b. Business Journalism
i. Additional required courses: ACCT 100 or 201, JOUR 371, 372
v. Three addtional courses... ACCT 371,372; BUS 305,... 372,... ECON 282, 288, 319,..."

Latin American and Caribbean Studies (2018-2019 catalog)

changes to the minor:

A minor in Latin American and Caribbean studies may complement either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, and requires completion of at least 21 credits of LACS and related courses. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student must use at least nine credits that are not also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor.

1. Introduction: LACS 101
2. Distribution: Nine credits selected from the following, with at least one course from two of the three areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the program head approves in advance.

a. Literature: LACS 256 (LIT 256), LIT 259; SPAN 240, 341, 398 and all SPAN numbered between 340 and 359; and, if approved, ENGL 262, 350, 351, 394; FREN 344; and LIT 180, 295; PORT 403
b. Art and Humanities: ARTH 170, 271, 273, 274, 276, 375, 376, 378; HIST 130, 131, 233, 236, 336, 337, 366; SPAN 212; and, if approved, FREN 280, HIST 269, 395
c. Social Sciences: POL 247; SOAN 234 250, 263; and, if approved, ECON 255, 280, 295, 356; POL 215, 381; SOAN 224, 268, 272, 277, 285, 290, 291

3. Related: 6 credits from the following or from any course not sued above in 2. Distribution: BIOL 216; BUS 337; ECON 259: LACS 195, 257, 421, 422, 423, 451, 452, 453, 454; SPAN 201, 216, 270, 290, 392; and if approved, BUS 305, 335, 337, 390; DANC 215; ECON 288; SOAN 186, 286, SPAN 295, 308, 392

4. Capstone experience (typically after completion of other program courses): LACS 396

Medieval and Renaissance studies (2018-2019 catalog)
approved the following change to the major in Medieval and Renaissance studies:
"1. MRST 110, 110A, or one of the following courses ... CLAS 208, ... MRST 252...
2. 27 additional credits ... Literature... CLAS 208,... LATN 327;... MRST 252"

approved the following change to the minor in Medieval and Renaissance studies:
"1. MRST 110, 110A, or one of the following courses .... CLAS 208, ... MRST 252...
2. Four additional courses ... Literature... CLAS 208,... LATN 327;... MRST 252"

Middle East and South Asia Studies without Language minor (2018-2019 catalog)
approved the following changes:
"2. Distribution...
 a.    Art History and Literature: ARTH 140, 141, 242, 243, 245, 246, 342, 343; LIT 273; REL 273, or, when appropriate, ARTH 295; LIT 180, 295 (on a MESA-related topic)
b. Other Humanities (no more than two of which can be ARAB or SKT): ARAB 111, 112, 161, 162, 210, 211, 212, 395; HIST 170, 171; REL 101, 102, 105, 106, 130, 131, 132, 216, 231, 250, 283, 284, 333, 335, 350, 381; SKT 101, 102, 201, 202, 301; or, when appropriate, HIST 195, 289; REL 260 (on a MESA-related topic)..."
c.    Social Sciences: ECON 246, POL 384, REL 220, 222, 246; or, when appropriate, ECON 276, 295, 395; POL 274, 396

Middle East and South Asia Studies with Language Emphasis minor (2018-2019 catalog)
approved the following changes:
  a.    Art History and Literature: ARTH 140, 141, 242, 243, 245, 246, 342, 343; LIT 273; REL 273, or, when appropriate, ARTH 295; LIT 180, 295 (on a MESA-related topic)
  b.    Other Humanities: REL 101, 102, 105, 106, 131, 132, 216, 231, 250, 260 (on a MESA-related topic), 284, 333, 335, 350, 381; or, when appropriate, HIST 195, 289; REL 260 (on a MESA-related topic)
  c.    Social Sciences: ECON 246, POL 384, REL 220, 222, 246; or, when appropriate, ECON 276, 295, 395; POL 274, 396
3.    Language: Three additional 3- or 4-credit courses earned by completing through term five in one MESA-relevant language. The first two terms of language study are not applicable to the minor:
          a.    Arabic: successful completion of ARAB 210, 211 or its equivalent.

Music (2018-19 catalog)
approved the following changes to the music major leading to either BA or BS degree
"5. Demonstrated piano proficiency by the end of the sophomore year. Students with no prior piano experience must complete both MUS 100 and 101. Students with prior piano experience will be tested to determine proficiency. W&L's specific standards for piano proficiency at listed at go.wlu.edu/piano-proficiency."

Neuroscience (2018-19 catalog)
approved the following change to the major as follows:
1. Core (5 courses): BIOL 111/113, BIOL 211, 211S or 220: CHEM 110; NEUR 120, 121; and PSYC 111"

Neuroscience (2019-20 catalog)
major in neuroscience
"2. Quantitative Methods ... Computational: One course chosen from BIOL 185, 187, 282; CSCI 102, 121"
"3. Specialization: ...e. PSYC 216, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 259"

Philosophy (2018-19 catalog)
revise the major in philosophy as follows:

A major in philosophy leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 11 three- or four-credit courses in philosophy with the following distribution, with courses able to count toward more than one category, except the Senior Capstone.

  1. PHIL 170, ordinarily completed before the end of sophomore year
  2. Two courses chosen from PHIL 104, 105, 110, 120, ordinarily completed before the end of sophomore year
  3. At least four courses at the 200 level or above
  4. At least one course at the 300 level
  5. History of philosophy or major figures: Two courses chosen from PHIL 110-139, 195, 210-239, 295, 310-339, 395 ; REL 218; CLAS 221; WGSS 235
  6. Ethics, value theory, and political philosophy: Two courses chosen from PHIL 104, 140-169, 196, 240-269, 296, 340-368, 396; POV 243; BUS 347; WGSS 242, 244, 246
  7. Metaphysics and epistemology: Two courses chosen from PHIL 105, 171-179, 181-189, 197, 270-289, 297, 370-389, 397
  8. Continental philosophy: One course chosen from PHIL 198, 214, 215, 218 (REL 218), 230, 232, 235 (WGSS 235), 238, 239, 285, 298, 315, 357, 380, 398, or, when approved in advanced by the department head, PHIL 195, 196, 197, 295, 296, 297, 395, 396, 397
  9. Senior Capstone: At least one course chosen from either a 300-level course taken during the senior year, or PHIL 473, or PHIL 493: Honors Thesis (3-3). Students who are not pursuing Honors in the Major must take at least one 300-level course in their senior year. This 300-level course must be in addition to the course used to satisfy requirement 4. above. Students who are pursuing Honors in the Major must speak with the department head or honors coordinator before the end of the junior year. Students pursuing honors register for PHIL 493 and prepare their theses in both fall and winter term of the senior year. They must present their theses for evaluation before the end of the winter term of the senior year.

revise the minor in philosophy as follows:

A minor in philosophy requires completion of at least six 3- or 4-credit courses in philosophy (not including PHIL 473: Senior Thesis or PHIL 493: Honors Thesis). These six courses must include at least two courses numbered 200 or above and must include the following:

  1. PHIL 170
  2. Five courses chosen from at least two of the following three groups:

History of philosophy or major figures: PHIL 110-139, 195, 210-239, 295, 310-339, 395 ; REL 218; CLAS 221; WGSS 235

Ethics, value theory, and political philosophy: PHIL 104, 140-169, 196, 240-269, 296, 340-368, 396; POV 243; BUS 347; WGSS 242, 244, 246

Metaphysics and epistemology: PHIL 105, 171-179, 181-189, 197, 270-289, 297, 370-389, 397

Physics (2018-2019 catalog)
approved the following changes to the major in physics

"A major in physics leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 50 credits including the following:

1 .PHYS 111, 112, 113, 114, 207 (ENGN 207), 210, 215, 220, 225 (ENGN 225), 230, 265, 275, 285, 340, 345; and MATH 332, 333
2. One additional PHYS course at the 200- or 300-level
3. One course chosen from 399, 473, 493
4. Three additional credits chosen from the following, with no more than three credits at the 400-level:

BIOL 280, 282, 283, 385
CHEM 110, CHEM numbered 200 and above
CSCI 121, 211, 250
ENGN numbered 200 and above
GEOL 211, 275, 311
MATH 303, 309, 310, 333, 345, 353
PHYS numbered 200 and above

Additional courses possibly required as prerequisites for completion of the above include MATH 101, 102, and 221."

Politics (2018-2019 catalog)
approved the following revision to the Politics major:
c. International/Global Politics: completion of four courses chosen from POL 214, 215, 227, 240, 245 (SOAN 245), 246 (SOAN 246), 247,255, 272 (SOAN 272), 274, 276, 278, 279, 285, 287, 288, 292, 296, 327, 380, 381, 384, 385, 392, 395 and at least one course chosen from the remaining 200- and 300-level courses in American government or political philosophy
d. Political Philosophy: completion of four courses chosen from POL 265, 266, 270 (HIST 270), 281, 297, 360, 370, 385, 396 and at least one course chosen from the remaining 200- and 300-level courses in international/global politics or American government."

Poverty and Human Capability Studies (2018-2019 catalog)

revisions for the minor in poverty and human capability studies
3. At least 10 credits (9 credits for those completing POV 103) chosen from among the following: ... ECON 229, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 251, 280, 286 (SOAN 286), EDUC 369, ENGL 260; FILM 251; ...POV 280, ...SOAN 263,  ... and when appropriate SOAN 276; approved independent - study courses...

Psychology (2019-2020 catalog)
revised the majors as follows:

major in psychology leading to a BA degree
"4. Two topical seminars selected from PSYC 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, ..."

major in psychology leading to a BS degree
"4. Two topical seminars selected from PSYC 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257...
6. At least 12 additional credits chosen from ...the following PSYC courses: PSYC ..., 256, 257, and 259. "

Public Accounting (2018-2019 catalog)
revise the major in public accounting as follows:
"1. ACCT 201, 202, 310, 320, 321, 330, 360: BUS 211, 221, 346: ECON 100, 101, 102: INTR 201, 202...
...4. At least six credits chosen from among ACCT 256 through ACCT 373, 403, 453, 454, and 493 (3-3)..."

Public Accounting (2019-2020 catalog)
revise the major in public accounting as follows:
A major in public accounting leading to a Bachelor of Science requires 52 credits (with 144 credits total being required to graduate) as follows:
"1. ACCT 100, 201, 202, 310, 320, 321, 330, 358, 360: BUS 211, 221, 346: ECON 100; INTR 201, 202...
 

Sociology and Anthropology (2018-2019 catalog)

Approved revision to the major as follows:
"3. Methods: Two courses chosen from the following: SOAN 208, 210, 211, 218, 219, 261, 265, 269, 276, 378.
Anthropology electives: SOAN ...223, ... 232, ... 255,...275, 277, 280, 285 (REL 285), 286 (ECON 286), 288, 291, 378, 391
Sociology electives: SOAN ... 219,... 234 (REL 234), ... 269, ... 272 (POL 272), ... 278, 280, 281, ...289..."

Spanish (2018-2019 catalog)
Approved revising the requirements for the major in Spanish, as follows:
"3. five Spanish courses numbered 300 or above, as follows.
...One additional course in literature chosen from SPAN 312, 320, 322, 323, 324, 326, 328, 333, 340, 346, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 347, 348, 350, 352, 354, 393, 397, and 398..."

Strategic Communication (2018-2019 catalog)
approved revising the major as follows:
2. Diversity of Experience: Take one course chosen from the following: ECON 231, 232, 233; ENGL 262, 359, 361, 366; HIST 253, 260, 268; JOUR 266, 268; PHIL 235, 238, 242, 243, 244, 254; POV 101; SOAN 228, 268, 275, 280; or, when appropriate, PSYC 296;

Theater (2018-2019 catalog)

revise the major in theater
"A major in theater leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 35 credits in theater as
follows:

...5. Synthesis: One course chosen from THTR 209, 220, 361; DANC 220
6. At least 12 additional credits chosen from among the following, including at least nine credits chosen from theater, dance or film courses:
CLAS 215
DANC 120, 202, 215, 220, 225, 230, 233, 240, 250, 292, 330, 340, 390
ENGL 202, 231, 242, 243, 252, 319, 354
FILM 109, 195, 196, 233, 236, 250, 255
FREN 397 (when topic is appropriate)
GERM 335, 332
GR 301, 303
ITAL 295 (when topic is appropriate)
LIT 225, 235
MUS 210
SPAN 398 (when topic is appropriate)
THTR 100, 131, 132, 202, 203, 204, 209, 210, 211, 215, 220, 236, 238, 239, 241, 242, 245, 251, 253, 290, 336,
337, 338, 341, 361, 397, 423, 453
7. Capstone Experience: THTR 471 (1) or THTR 493-493 (6)"

minor in Theater (2018-2019 catalog)

revise the minor in theater

"4. Electives: Two additional courses chosen from the following, with at least one at the 300 level
DANC 120, 202, 215, 220, 225, 230, 233, 240, 250, 292, 330, 340, 390
FILM 109, 195, 196, 233, 236, 250, 255
THTR 100, 131, 202, 204, 209, 210, 211, 215, 220, 236, 238, 239, 241, 242, 245, 251, 253, 290, 336, 337, 338, 341, 361, 397, 423, 453, 493"

Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies (2018-2019 catalog)

Approved revising the minor in women's, gender, and sexuality studies as follows:

"2. Distribution:

a. Social and Natural Sciences:... SOAN 251 (POL 251), 261, 275, 280, ...and, when appropriate (topic is in social or natural sciences), ECON 295, POL 292, SOAN 291, WGSS 180, 403, 441 (when the internship is at an agency that deals with public policy, economic or other social/natural science issues)
b. Humanities and other disciplines: ...ARTH 365; ENGL 254, 261... ENGL 316, ...WGSS 220, 295, 310; and, when appropriate (topic is in humanities), ...HIST 229, 269;... WGSS 180, 403, 441 (when the internship is at an agency that deals with the arts, history, or other humanistic issues)"

Policy Changes

Declaration of Major and Minor (2018-2019 catalog)

Students are responsible for their declared program(s) of study and must officially add or remove declarations, as appropriate. Students must complete each declared major or minor in order to be cleared for graduation.

Students may not change their declared degree or major(s) after the end of the second week of the senior year winter term, except with permission of the Faculty Executive Committee, which incurs a $100 late fee. A change may require a diploma replacement charge. For December graduates, the deadline is the end of the second week of fall term.

Students may add or remove a minor prior to the end of the seventh week of their senior-year winter term. Beyond that seventh week, seniors may not add a minor, but they must officially remove a minor that they are unable to complete.

Bachelor of Science 'with Special Attainments in Commerce' (2018-2019 catalog
Approved the following revision in catalog copy and usage related to the phrase "with Special Attainments in Commerce."

Change all reference of "Bachelor of Science degree with Special Attainments in Commerce" to "Bachelor of Science."

Diplomas for students graduating by May 2019 will continue to show the "Special Attainments" phrase; those awarded after May 2019 will simply say "Bachelor of Science".

Internships (2018-2019 catalog)

revise catalog language to the following:

Internships
Washington and Lee awards degree credit "for education, not experience." Credits are awarded only for internships that contribute toward learning, as specified by departments and programs listing all internship experiences as a 450- or 460-level course. Departments and programs are responsible for approving each internship in advance, designating faculty supervisors, requiring appropriate graded work securing evaluations from work supervisors, ascertaining that the student worked sufficient hours assigning a grade for the course, and retaining records on each individual's performance for evaluation purposes. Where credit is appropriate for an internship, it does not depend on whether or not there is a salary or stipend.

Credits may be awarded to students for internships as follows: up to nine credits for winter or fall term; up to  four credits for spring term; and up to three credits for summer  experiences. A maximum of nine credits of internship, exclusive of student teaching facilitated by W&L Teacher Education faculty, may be used to meet degree requirements.

Not all summer work experiences   qualify for degree credit. The value of summer work lies in experience and networking. The requirement of some employers that students must receive academic credit in order to be considered for employment has absolutely no bearing on the academic department or program's decision regarding degree-credit approval. The decision to award degree credit will be based on the educational merits of the internship experience as determined by university faculty or qualified staff.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Clearly, some instances of summer experience may qualify for degree credit based on subsequent work in a fall term supervised by a  department or program. Faculty or qualified staff should be involved in the planning, execution, and evaluation of the internship. Summer transcripting -- only of off-campus C&D-approved summer courses -- is permitted, beginning Summer 2017.  
                                                                                                                    
 The student will register for the internship in the summer term. The degree credit awarded and conditions of the summer-term academic work, and any additional work required during subsequent terms at W&L, will be determined by the sponsoring department or program and faculty or staff member.
 

Requirements for a Degree (2018-2019 catalog)

A student may earn one undergraduate degree from Washington and Lee, either a Bachelor of Arts or a
Bachelor of Science, qualifies for a degree by completing the following requirements of the faculty:

A candidate for any undergraduate degree after June 1, 2019, must present a minimum of 113 120 credits with
passing grades, including one up to credit for work done in four 100- and 200-level physical education skills courses.

Course Load (2018-2019 catalog)
Each student who has not completed graduation requirements must register as a full-time student for each term
enrolled. A student taking an unauthorized underload may be required to withdraw from the University for the term in
which the underload is being taken, forfeiting all academic credit, tuition and fees for that term. The student may apply
for reinstatement for the next term. For continuing education students, part-time course loads are permitted.

Note: In order to accumulate the total academic credits required for graduation within four years, the student must
register for an average of 30 credits per year, usually 13-15 credits in each long term and 4 credits in spring term, fulltime course load in all terms or bring additional credits from other sources (advanced placement, transfer, overload, etc.).

Fall and Winter Terms
The minimum academic load for each student is 12 credits, though at least 13 credits is advisable. ...

Permission to carry 15 16 to 17 credits of academic work must be secured in advance from the designated associate
academic dean through the online application at go.wlu.edu/overload WebAdvisor process. A course load of greater
than 17 credits requires approval of the Faculty Executive Committee. Permission is not ordinarily granted unless the
student has both a minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.000 and, during the last fall or winter term, a
minimum grade-point average of 3.000. For fall term, first-year students may register for up to 14 15 credits in their
first term. In exceptional cases, permission for 15 up to 17 credits may be secured only to accommodate a physical
education skills course or applied or ensemble music or theater credit
. No overload permissions are given for over 15 17 credits to first-term, first-year students. A denied application may be appealed to the Faculty Executive Committee by emailing FEC@wlu.edu. Appeals are granted only in the most exceptional of circumstances.

Change of Course Load for Medical Reasons or Overload Reduction (2018-2019 catalog)
B. For the fall or winter terms, if students are enrolled in courses totaling 15 16 or more credits in the fall or winter
term and if their success is endangered by the extra work, the overload may be reduced or eliminated upon the
recommendation of the adviser and approval of the instructor and the appropriate dean without a recorded grade,
provided the reduction is made by the end of the second week of the term. The course load for spring term may
not exceed five credits nor fall below four credits and no overloads or underloads are permitted.

FDR requirements pertaining to physical education (2018-2019 catalog)
Degree requirements, FDR FP http://catalog.wlu.edu/content.php?catoid=18&navoid=1505#FP

Physical Education (FP)
swimming proficiency 1 credit (4 skills courses)

Washington and Lee University expects students to achieve a level of health and fitness through participation in a
variety of skill- and sports-based courses. In physical education courses, students

• improve physical fitness and dexterity;
• develop skills in various sports and activities; and
• acquire knowledge or skills useful in the pursuit of physical fitness, recreation, and overall health after college.

A student is required to pass a proficiency test in swimming and to complete successfully four terms of physical
education activity classes selected from Physical Education 101 through 215, after completion of which a single credit
and composite grade will be awarded
. Students who have completed a 200-level course (e.g., varsity swimming) may not register for a corresponding 100-level course (e.g., beginning swimming, aerobic swimming). Student-athletesmay use up to two terms of a varsity sport toward this requirement, up to a maximum of three total terms for varsity participation.  (See Physical Education for additional information.)

Physical Education http://catalog.wlu.edu/content.php?catoid=18&navoid=1472

Requirements:
Degree requirements include the successful completion of a swimming proficiency test and four physical education
activity courses, Physical Education (PE) 101 through 215. Students may not repeat a course they have already
passed. Students who have completed a 200-level course (e.g., varsity swimming) may not register for a corresponding 100-level course (e.g., beginning swimming, aerobic swimming). Student-athletes may use up to two terms of a varsity sport toward this requirement, up to a maximum of three total terms for varsity  participation. Allstudents may accumulate a maximum of six credits from 100- and 200-level courses toward degree requirements. Credits taken in excess of these limits will be treated as repeats of the earliest unrepeated credit of this kind.

In addition to the degree requirements, a swimming proficiency test is required. No students are exempt from the
swimming proficiency test unless they receive a medical excuse from the University physician. A student who fails to
pass the proficiency test will be placed in Fundamental Swimming (PE 101). PE 101 will satisfy one of the four activity
courses required for a degree.

First-year students are given the opportunity to elect whether all of the grades for the one credit100- and 200-level
physical education skills courses
which they will receive in physical education will be recorded as a letter grade or as a Pass/Fail grade. This election must be accomplished during the fall term prior to midterm. The decision is binding
and no subsequent change is permitted.

Class Standing (2018-2019 catalog)
Upon matriculation, students are assigned to a class year corresponding to their anticipated graduation date (e.g.,
Class of 2019). Although independent from one another, this class year and student's class standing as defined below
are normally the same, unless there is a change in the anticipated graduation date.

For purposes of registration, selection of courses, and listing in the catalog, the following definitions are given of
undergraduate class standing. As a general guideline, students should have completed at least the number of credits
noted in parentheses. The definitions apply for the purposes specified only, and do not signify full standing or the
completion of University requirements.

1. A student has first year standing until completion of a full year of college study.
2. A student obtains sophomore standing upon completion of a full year of college study (28 30 credits).
3. A student obtains junior standing upon completion of two full years of college study (56 60 credits).
4. A student obtains senior standing upon completion of three full years of college study (84 90 credits or more).

Degree Credit for Off-Campus Study (2018-2019 catalog)
Only work comparable to that at Washington and Lee in level, nature, and field may be accepted for degree credit. Up to two courses (6-8 credits) taken online after matriculation to W&L may be used for degree requirements only with the permission of the department or program head in the appropriate discipline or, if the discipline is not represented at Washington and Lee, from the appropriate Associate Dean of The College. Courses taken at community (or other similar) colleges or programs after original matriculation at Washington and Lee may not be used for degree requirements. In order to receive Washington and Lee credit, all documentation (official transcripts, official score reports, required W&L forms, etc.) must be received by the University Registrar before the end of the first term in which the student is enrolled at W&L.

No more than 56 60 of the 113 120 credits required for the W&L degree may be earned elsewhere or by any other means than through courses offered at W&L or through formal exchanges (e.g., VMI, Mary Baldwin, Spelman). In other words, first-year incoming credits, transfer credits, courses taken abroad, etc., will not count in the 57 60 credits to be taken at W&L.

First-year students may receive a maximum of 28 30 credits from any and all non-W&L sources (e.g., AP, IB, college courses while in high school). Of the 28 30, no more than nine credits can be counted toward the requirements for a particular major with departmental approval; individual departments may set a limit of less than nine credits counted toward the major.

Experiential-Learning Requirement (2018-2019 catalog)
Approved for students graduating after June 1, 2019, a minimum of 4 credits in the areas of "experiential learning," (EXP) for a single course or combination of courses, designated as EXP after review by the Committee on Courses and Degrees. The designated courses will be available beginning with the 2017-18 academic year. Members of the classes of 2018 and 2019 may also earn EXP credits, but they are not required for graduation of students in those classes.

Approved placing the following paragraph in the catalog section on Degree Requirements, between FDR requirements and description of the Major.

"EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING
Students must present at least four credits of experiential work taken at W&L toward degree requirements. In experiential-learning courses, students will do one or more of the following:

  • perform as individuals, ensemble, and/or team members in expressive and skillful presentations before audiences, or demonstrate understanding of collaborative performance and production by designing, crafting, managing, publicizing, and/or directing events that have scholarly, artistic, or practical significance.
  • conduct research independently or collaboratively, to advance scholarly inquiry, to develop reasoned recommendations for sponsoring organizations or community partners, to extend classroom learning into the field of inquiry, or to support subsequent senior-thesis, capstone, publication, or public presentation.
  • explore interests and build skills through work in the world and reflect upon and articulate how the activities expand, redirect, alter, or confirm their intellectual, personal, and/or professional development.
  • build cultural competence, perspectives, and understanding through international immersion beyond the classroom, such as homestays.

Courses must meeting this requirement will be designated as EXP on the listing of each term's course offerings. Students may petition the Committee on Courses and Degrees to use transfer credits toward this requirement."

Overload policy (2018-2019 catalog)
Permission to carry 16 to 17 credits of academic work must be secured in advance from the designated associate academic dean through the online application at go.wlu.edu/overload. A course load of greater than 17 credits requires approval of the Faculty Executive Committee. Permission is not ordinarily granted unless the student has both a minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.000 and, during the last fall or winter term, a minimum grade-point average of 3.000. In exceptional cases, permission for up to 17 credits may be secured only to accommodate a physical education skills course, an experiential course, or an applied or ensemble music, dance, or theater credit.

No overload permissions are given for over 16 credits to first-term, first-years.

A denied application may be appealed to the Faculty Executive Committee by emailing FEC@wlu.edu. Appeals are granted only in the most exceptional of circumstances."

W&L Study Abroad Policy (2018-2019 catalog)
Only work comparable to that at Washington and Lee in level, nature, and field may be accepted for degree credit. Courses taken through community colleges or other similar colleges or programs after original matriculation at Washington and Lee may not be used for degree credit. ...

No more than 56 60 of the 113 120 credits required for the W&L degree may be earned elsewhere or by any other means than through courses offered at W&L or through formal exchanges (e.g., VMI, Mary Baldwin, Spelman). In other words, first-year incoming credits, transfer credits, courses taken abroad, etc., will not count in the 57 60 credits to be taken at W&L. ...

Students are reminded that the faculty has limited to 56 60 the total of non-W&L credits which may be used to meet degree requirements. ..."

"W&L Study Abroad Policy

...5. Number of Credit Hours: No strict correlation exists between contact hours in courses taken abroad and credit hours awarded by W&L. W&L does not award more credit for a program than that awarded by the host institution, as determined by the host's official transcript. If the host program's transcript does not translate easily to "American" credit (e.g., quarter hours, semester credits, units) or provide a conversion scale, or if the host institution's academic calendar differs significantly from W&L's, the following can act as general principles:

a. A student pursuing a fully approved, full-time course of study abroad for a period roughly equivalent to W&L's fall or winter term will usually receive 12 at least 13 credit hours from W&L upon the successful completion of all courses in this study.

b. A student pursuing a fully approved, full-time course of study abroad for a term of approximately 14 weeks or more will usually receive 15 at least 16 credit hours from W&L upon the successful completion of all courses in this study.

c. A student pursuing a fully approved, full-time course of study abroad for a full academic year will usually receive 28 at least 30 credit hours from W&L upon the successful completion of all courses in this study.
In the event of a discrepancy between departmentally authorized credit hours under Section 4 above and the guidance offered under a, b, and c in this section above (12, 15 or 28 13, 16, or 30 credits, respectively), a student may petition the appropriate academic dean for consideration of additional credit approval. ..."

Credit Hour change (beginning Winter 2018)
Approved replacing the existing policy in the catalog with the following new faculty-approved definition of undergraduate credit. (2018-19 catalog)

Credit Definition
The work of each course of study has an assigned numerical credit value.

Definition of the Undergraduate Credit Hour
Washington and Lee University:

UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC TERMS
The undergraduate calendar consists of two 13-week terms (Fall and Winter) and one 4-week term (Spring),
with the final week in Fall and Winter terms reserved for examinations.

DEFINITION OF A CREDIT HOUR
A "credit hour" is defined as the amount of work represented in intended learning outcomes and verified by evidence of student achievement that is an institutionally established equivalency that reasonably approximates not less than:

(a) Fall and Winter Terms:

i.one hour of in-class instructional time per week for 12 weeks and a minimum of two hours per week of out-of-class work for the same period. Week 13 of the term is typically reserved for exams and may include both in- and out-of-class contact time. For the purposes of this section, an "hour" is defined as 60 minutes:

− in-class instructional time = 1 hour x 12 weeks = 12 contact hours (720 contact minutes);
− out-of-class work = at least 2 hours x 12 weeks = 24 contact hours (1440 contact minutes);
− total = 36 contact hours (2160 contact minutes), exclusive of the 13th week exam period;
− courses that are greater than one credit hour are valued in proportion to equivalent in- and out-of-class contact time;
− example: a 3-credit hour course will meet for 3 hours (180 minutes) each week for 12 weeks and includes a minimum of 6 hours per week of out-of-class work for the same period. Week 13 of the term is excluded from the instructional totals and typically includes an exam period.

ii.at least an equivalent amount of work as required in "section (a).i." of this definition for other academic activities as established by the faculty, including laboratory work, internships, practica, studio work, supervised undergraduate research, and other academic and experiential work leading to the award of credit hours. Total contact time for these courses is at least 36 hours per credit per term and includes any combination of both in- and out-of-class contact time to that end.

(b) Spring Term: the Spring Term is to be educationally intensive, with in- and out-of-class instructional activities intended to engage students fully in a concentrated learning experience that, in its credit hour equivalency, parallels the expectations of the Fall and Winter terms but in a shortened timeframe.

i.Two (2) to 3 hours of in-class instructional time per week for 4 weeks and a minimum of 6.75 - 6 hours per week of out-of-class work for the same period. For the purpose of this section, an hour is defined as 60 minutes.

− in-class instructional time ranges from: 2.25 hours x 4 weeks = 9 contact hours; to, 3 hours x 4 weeks = 12 contact hours for each credit hour;
− out-of-class work ranges from: 6.75 hours x 4 weeks = 27 hours; to, 6 hours x 4 weeks = 24 hours (for each credit hour);
− total = 36 contact hours;
− courses that are greater than one hour are valued in proportion to equivalent in- and out-of-class contact time;
− a range of in- and out-of-class work provides flexibility appropriate to the intensive nature of the Spring Term experience. Total contact time for each Spring Term credit is 36 contact hours regardless of the in- and out-of-class proportions;
− example 1: a 4-credit hour course will meet for 9 hours each week for 4 weeks and includes a minimum of 27 hours of out-of-class work per week for the same period; alternatively, a 4-credit hour course that meets for 12 hours each week for 4 weeks includes a minimum of 24 hours of out-of-class work per week for the same period.
− example 2: a 3-credit hour course will meet for 9 hours each week for 4 weeks and includes a minimum of 18 hours of out-of-class work per week for the same period; alternatively, a 3-credit hour course that meets for 12 hours each week for 4 weeks includes a minimum of 15 hours of out-of-class work per week for the same period.

ii.at least an equivalent amount of work as required in "section (b).i." of this definition for other academic activities as established by the faculty, including laboratory work, internships, practica, studio work, supervised undergraduate research, and other academic and experiential work leading to the award of credit hours. Total contact time for these courses is at least 36 hours per credit hour per term and includes any combination of both in- and out-of-class contact time to that end.

(c) Alternative delivery - all terms

i.classes that do not have the required face-to-face contact time (for example, hybrid or online courses) meet the credit hour standard if they meet one of the following criteria:
a.the course covers the same material in the same depth as a face-to-face version of the same course;
b.the course has been evaluated by the department and the Courses and Degrees Committee for content and rigor, and the department, the Courses and Degrees Committee, and Faculty have approved the credit to be awarded. Approval must be documented.

Advanced Placement Credit (2018-2018 catalog)
Approved revising the Advanced Placement policy as follows:

Incoming students who have performed well on the College Board Advanced Placement Program examinations may
be considered for advanced placement in college courses and for credit toward graduation, at the discretion of the department heads involved. Each examination meeting these minimal criteria is reviewed carefully, and credit is awarded only when deemed appropriate. First-year students who wish to have their Advanced Placement examination(s) considered for credit must have their official Advanced Placement score reports sent directly to Washington and Lee. Current departmental policies appear on the University Registrar's Web page go.wlu.edu/AP.

Credit for Service in the Military (2018-2019 catalog)
Consistent with other faculty-approved changes, the committee approved the following policy:

Students who have had two years of active service in the armed forces are, upon completion of all other credits required for a degree, given four credits for the physical education requirement for a degree; students who have had six months of active service are given one credit toward the physical education requirement for a degree.

Transferring Credit for Summer Study (2018-2019 catalog)
Approved revising the limits of transferring credit for summer study at other colleges, as follows:

A.Verification that the college or university is a four-year institution accredited by one of the six regional accrediting agencies of the United States must be secured from the appropriate dean.
"C. A maximum of five courses, not to exceed 15 credits, of summer school work may be offered toward all major, minor, degree requirements...
F. It is the responsibility of the student to obtain approval(s) and deliver official transcript(s) to the University Registrar before the last day of classes of the student's first fall or winter term upon returning to W&L."

Spring Term Course Load
Approved revising the spring-term course load requirements as follows, effective with Spring 2018.

"The minimum academic load during the four-week spring term for each student is four three credits, including one three- or four-credit course. Students may enroll in no more than one additional credit or one scheduled non-credit curricular activity (such as one PE skills course OR one applied music, dance or theater class OR directed study) up to five credits, with the provision that the additional credit not interfere with the schedule and obligations of the three- or four-credit course. The maximum academic load for spring term is five credits, except for approved six-week courses. No other overloads or underloads are permitted."

Pass/Fail for Physical Education courses
Approved revising the Pass/Fail options to remove the previous process for declaring Pass/Fail for the composite Physical Education skills-course grade. Students will, beginning with Winter 2018, declare the Pass/Fail option in the same way for all courses.

Pass/Fail Grade
...During the fall term (no later than midterm), first-year students will be given the opportunity to elect that the composite grade for one credit which they will receive in physical education will be recorded as a letter grade or as Pass/Fail. If Pass/Fail is elected, it will in no way be regarded as a normal Pass/Fail grade nor be subject to Pass/Fail rules, except that the decision in this regard is binding and no subsequent change is permitted.

Transfer Credit from Community College
Approved revising the following policies to remove the previous prohibition against considering for transfer credit work taken at community colleges or similar institutions after matriculation at W&L.

Degree Credit for Off-Campus Study
Only work comparable to that at Washington and Lee in level, nature, and field may be accepted for degree credit. Up to two courses (6-8 credits) taken online after matriculation to W&L may be used for degree requirements only with the permission of the department or program head in the appropriate discipline or, if the discipline is not represented at Washington and Lee, from the appropriate Associate Dean of The College. Courses taken at community (or other similar) colleges or programs after original matriculation at Washington and Lee may not be used for degree requirements. In order to receive Washington and Lee credit, all documentation (official transcripts, official score reports, required W&L forms, etc.) must be received by the University Registrar before the end of the first term in which the student is enrolled at W&L.

Transfer of Credit
Credits for courses completed at another college or university accredited by one of the six regional accrediting agencies of the United States, with a grade of C (2.0) or higher, may be transferred considered for transfer to Washington and Lee and to be used as degree credit. Grades for these courses, however, may will not be transferred, and a student's cumulative grade-point average will include only work attempted at Washington and Lee.
A student admitted as a transfer may receive no more than 60 credits for work transferred. Such credits are assigned by the appropriate department head and the University Registrar at the discretion of the appropriate dean. Only work
comparable to that at Washington and Lee in level, nature, and field may be accepted for degree credit. Up to two courses (6-8 credits) taken online after matriculation may be used for degree requirements only with the permission of the department or program head in the appropriate discipline or, if the discipline is not represented at Washington and Lee, from the appropriate Associate Dean of The College. Courses taken at community (or other similar) colleges or programs after original matriculation at Washington and Lee may not be used for degree credit. Transfer students must complete at least six terms of full-time study at Washington and Lee prior to receiving a degree.

Transfer Summer Credit
Students who have attempted academic work at Washington and Lee, and who wish to count toward degree credit summer work taken subsequently at another institution, must meet certain conditions:

A. Verification that the college or university is a four-year institution accredited by one of the six regional accrediting agencies of the United States must be secured from the appropriate dean. Courses taken at community colleges may not be used for degree credit at Washington and Lee. Approval of courses in accounting, business administration, economics, and politics is secured from the Dean or Associate Dean of the Williams School as soon as possible but not later than June 1 (June 15, if summer work is necessitated by spring term grades). Approval of other courses is secured from heads of departments or programs offering the corresponding work at Washington and Lee University. Approval of courses taken for credit at scientific research laboratories and field stations may be granted at the discretion of the department concerned.

W&L Study Abroad Policy
Only work comparable to that at Washington and Lee in level, nature, and field may be accepted for degree credit. Courses taken through community colleges or other similar colleges or programs after original matriculation at Washington and Lee may not be used for degree credit. ...

Honors in the Major
Approved the following revisions to the policy on Honors in the Major:

"In order to encourage independent work and scholarly investigation by students and to foster their intellectual curiosity, a number of departments have established programs leading to a degree "with honors" in the major. Such programs provide an enhancement of the regular program for departmental majors and also for interdepartmental and independent majors. Featuring a special profundity and intensity, and characterized by a close rapport between student and mentor, the honors programs are designed as an enrichment opportunity for students who demonstrate superior aptitude and self-discipline in the pursuit of their major study.

Descriptions of the honors programs of individual departments or programs may be obtained from the department respective faculty heads. Interested students should make inquiry by the time of declaration of major, in order to identify any special admission requirements or related standards that have been set by the department or program for its particular honors program.

Admission into Honors Work
A prospective honors student applies in writing to the department or program head or major adviser. In general, application must should be made by May 1 of the junior year; in certain departments, earlier application is required (often to accommodate special course work in the junior year).

In all departments, Admission into honors work is subject to availability of advisory staff and assessment of the individual's ability to profit significantly from the program's special demands.

Minimum eligibility for honors candidacy is a 3.000 cumulative grade-point average by the time of enrollment in the honors thesis courses (numbered in the 490s). Many departments and programs have established  eligibility requirements for their own honors programs, such as special academic standing within the department or program, and these criteria must also be met.

Requirements for Honors in the Major
All honors programs require an honors thesis during the senior year, involving no fewer than six credits (no more, no less) of independent work (numbered in the 490s), such as a significant report based upon field or laboratory research, a creative accomplishment in the arts, or a comparable scholarly undertaking, demonstrating more than simply a mastery of subject matter.

The student must begin work on the thesis at the start of the fall term of the senior year. Background work on the thesis topic normally is expected to be in progress by the end of the junior year, and the subject and approach for the thesis should already be established before the start of the senior year's thesis work. Work on the thesis is to be accompanied by periodic conferences with the adviser and the submitting of interim reports showing the progress achieved to that point. (Only under extraordinary circumstances—not general practice—may the thesis work be assigned entirely to a single term, and in such an instance the student must be prepared to begin intensive work on the thesis itself by the first week of the term, the subject and approach already having been established in preliminary study.)

The final finished version of the thesis is due by May 1 (or by the end of the Winter term in certain departments or programs). A permanent copy of the thesis must be deposited in the Leyburn Library.

Remaining credits in the major are gained in regular course work, honors seminars, internships, directed individual study or tutorials, or a combination of these as prescribed in the department's program. Many Departments and programs may require a comprehensive examination (written and/or oral) and/or a formal oral presentation and defense of the completed thesis.

An honors program may prescribe no more than three-fourths of a normal course load for a student in the junior and senior years, so that adequate time for free electives is permitted.

Pass/Fail Grade (approved October 1, 2018)
After attaining sophomore standing, a student with instructor consent is permitted each fall or winter term to take one elective course (not a course used for the student's major or minor, or a course used to meet an FDR requirement, or a three- or four-credit spring term course) in for which the grade of Pass or Fail is given, to which no grade points are assigned. However, only 18 credits of such work may be offered toward satisfying graduation requirements. A student receiving an F will receive no credit toward the degree, but the F will be used in computing the term and cumulative grade-point averages. Except for those courses graded Pass/Fail only, no course may be repeated on a Pass/Fail basis. A course for which the grade of Pass has been received may not be repeated. The student must complete a Pass/Fail form online and must obtain permission of the instructor in order to take a course on a Pass/Fail basis. Changes to or from this category are limited to the first two weeks second week of a term during which the class is scheduled to meet. Exceptions to this last policy may only be granted by the Faculty Executive Committee upon student petition and payment of the appropriate fee.

Continuing education students, prior to their admission as degree-seeking, are not eligible to exercise the above Pass/Fail option.

Miscellaneous Information